Colloidal Silver Generator

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This design and information is Copyright © 2012 Scott Claussen ALL rights reserved, and shared freely under the GNU FREE Document License.

This design is FREE to use, and / or modify, and distribute as well as the information on THIS PAGE (NOT this Site),
as long as no one else claims it as their own, sells it, attempts to sell it, or any derivatives there of.
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and also, they must continue to be under the GNU license.
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This Colloidal Silver Generator has Dual Power Options - 115V AC or 27V DC (Via 3-9V Batteries or Solar Panels)

Colloidal Silver Generator - Itemized Parts List
Qty Needed Part Description Pkg Qty Radio Shack Part Number  Pkg Price  Packages needed  Total Price 
1 Line Cord - 25-FT Extension Cord 1 61-2759  $     2.97 1  $      2.97
1 5 Position Terminal Strip 4 274-688  $     1.69 1  $      1.69
1 Fuse Holder 2 270-739  $     2.19 1  $      2.19
1 .25A 250V Fuse 4 27-1002  $     2.19 1  $      2.19
1 SPST 3A 125V Switch 1 275-612 or 275-645  $     3.19 1  $      3.19
1 SPDT 10A 125V Switch 1 275-325  $     3.69 1  $      3.69
1 DPDT 3A 125V Switch 1 275-614  $     3.99 1  $      3.99
1 25.2V CT 450ma Transformer 1 273-1366  $     7.39 1  $      7.39
1 LM324 Quad Op Amp IC 1 276-1711  $     2.19 1  $      2.19
1 LM7812 12V 1A 3 Pin Regulator 1 276-1771  $     1.99 1  $      1.99
1 MPS2222A NPN Transistor 1 276-2009  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 100V 1.4A Bridge Rectifier 1 276-1152  $     1.39 1  $      1.39
1 1N4003 1A 200V 30A Surge Rectifier 2 276-1102  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 1N4742 12V Zener Diode 2 276-563  $     1.59 1  $      1.59
1 2200 uf 50V Axial Lead Electrolytic Capacitor 1 272-1048  $     4.69 1  $      4.69
1 3.9K Ohm 1/2 W Resistor 5 271-1123  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
2 33K Ohm 1/2 W Resistor 5 271-1129  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
3 22K Ohm 1/4 W Resistor 5 271-1339  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 2.2K Ohm 1/4 W Resistor 5 271-1325  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 680 Ohm 1/2 W Resistor 5 271-1117  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 560 Ohm 1/2 W Resistor 5 271-1116  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
3 1K Ohm 1/4 W Resistor 5 271-1321  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 100K Ohm 1/4 W Resistor 5 271-1347  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 10K Ohm 1/4 W Resistor 5 271-1335  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
2 100 Ohm 1/4 W Resistor 5 271-1311  $     1.19 1  $      1.19
1 5K Ohm Linear Taper Potentiometer 1 271-1714  $     3.19 1  $      3.19
1 4.5 X 6.6" Proto Board 1 276-147  $     3.99 1  $      3.99
1 2 3/4 X 6" Perf Board 1 276-1395  $     3.19 1  $      3.19
1 8X6X3" Project Enclosure 1 270-1809  $     7.39 1  $      7.39
4 Standoffs and Screws 4 276-195  $     1.99 1  $      1.99
1 Knob 4 274-416  $     3.49 1  $      3.49
2 Binding Post 2 274-550  $     4.19 1  $      4.19
2 Banana Plug 2 274-0730  $     3.49 1  $      3.49
2 Alligator Clip 12 270-1545  $     3.89 1  $      3.89
1 Size M Coaxial DC Power Plug Male 2 274-1569  $     3.19 1  $      3.19
1 Panel Mount Size M Coaxial Power Jack Female 1 274-1563  $     3.19 1  $      3.19
2 6-32 X 1/2" Screw 42 64-3012  $     2.19 1  $      2.19
2 6 Flat Washer 100 - 20ea 64-3022  $     2.19 1  $      2.19
2 6 Split Lock Washer - Home Depot 30 SKU # 254827  $     1.18 1  $      1.18
2 6-32 Nut 30 64-3019  $     2.19 1  $      2.19
22 Shrink Tube - the 12 pieces are cut 12 278-1610  $     4.19 1  $      4.19
30 Cable tie 30 278-1631  $     3.79 1  $      3.79
1 Vinyl Grommet 31 64-3025  $     2.29 1  $      2.29
4 Jumbo Self-Stick Cushion Feet 8 64-2342  $     4.49 1  $      4.49
12' 75-Ft. 20-Gauge Clear 2-Conductor Speaker Wire 75' 278-1388  $   11.59 1  $    11.59
1 75-Ft. UL-Recognized Hookup Wire (20AWG) 3 278-1222  $     7.99 1  $      7.99
          Grand Total  $  136.71
          Total + Tax  $  144.91


Power Options

115 VAC - House Current - Utilizing the built in power supply
Battery Power - Utilizing 3 - 9 Volt Batteries in Series, totaling 27 Volts - The unit will draw a maximum of 12ma when it is delivering 5.5 ma to the Silver Solution
Solar Power - Utilizing 3 - 9 Volt Solar Panels in Series, totaling 27 Volts. The Colloidal Silver Generator draws 12ma or .3105 Watts @ 5.5ma to the solution.
You can get away with 0.5W Panels, but keep in mind, that without bright sun light, you may fall significantly short, when attempting to run the output to 5.5ma.

Download the Colloidal Silver Generator Operators Manual in pdf format

Download the Colloidal Silver User's Manual in pdf format

Device Description

This device is a Current Regulating (Not Voltage Regulating) Device.

Output - A selectable fixed Current Set-point of 2.5549ma or an adjustable Current Set-point from approximately 0.5ma to 5.5ma are available from this Colloidal Silver Generator.
NOTE: The fixed 2.558ma Current Set Point can be lowered, to a more optimum setting (2.5549ma), via R16. The adjustable range is roughly .52ma to 5.5ma. This seems like a practical range, and will provide the greatest adjustment resolution over the pots 320 ° range of adjustment.
A chart with alternate Fixed Set Point resistor values can be found HERE.

Silver Particle Size produced, is proportional to Current Density. By regulating the current during the process, one can literally control the Silver particle size.

It is current (not voltage) which is of concern, related to releasing silver ions / atoms from the surface of the Anode (+) electrode, specifically the current density (ma / cm²) or (ma / in²). This is why it is also important to use electrodes with as large a surface area, as possible, to keep the current density, to a minimum.
With overdriven electrodes one would see wisps of smoke, or clouds, given off, which indicate particles of around 1000 nanometers (1 micron),
instead of the desired 1 to 20 nanometers, which are invisible, colorless, and too small to immediately show a Tyndall Effect with a single color light, or laser beam.
Silver Electrodes should not be used with a current density, exceeding 2ma/in2 (2 milliamps per square inch) , of wetted donor electrode area, otherwise large ineffective particles are produced. Current should, in fact, be regulated to a value which produces between about a 1ma/in2 to under 2ma/in2 of current density (as close to 1ma/in2 as possible preferable), on the wetted area of the "Donor Electrode", if one wishes to create the smallest sized particles, and the highest quality Colloidal Silver. This will require a CURRENT REGULATING device (Colloidal Silver Generator), as well as a knowledge of the wetted Surface area, of your donor electrode (one of the 2 electrodes, the "anode" will always be the donor electrode), so one can calculate the Colloidal Silver Generators correct current set point, which will produce the appropriate current density, on the donor electrode, during the process of creating your Colloidal Silver.

Electrolysis is done very slowly with a low controlled current to ensure the highest quality, smallest nanoparticle size.
Particle size is directly dependent on current density in which current must be maintained, appropriate to the particular submerged electrode area,
and type of metal, such as SILVER, copper, gold, zinc, magnesium, tin, platinum, titanium etc., as well as the electrolysis time.
Parts per million (PPM) is directly related to (Current Density, or electrical current in milliamperes / electrode area), to time, and inversely to volume of water.
PPM will not rise much above 50 PPM, even after many days of Electrolysis.

The goal is to produce the largest number of extremely small nanoparticles (not large particles), as possible.
Nanoparticles are much more bio-absorbable, and easy for the body to move around.

The ionic (sub atomic) silver (Silver ions) produced, all have the same charge, causing them to repel each other.
This ionic charge is what keeps the Silver ions in suspension in the Distilled Water.
Extremely small particle size, thermal energy, and Brownian motion, keep the Silver nanoparticles (not ions) in suspension.

1 Silver particle will kill 1 pathogen, regardless of how small the particle is, therefore instead of a few BIG particles, as many small particles as possible are desirable.
1 Silver ion will also kill 1 pathogen, but is much harder to keep from reacting with other substances, becoming a less effective molecule, and thus, it is much more difficult, if not impossible, to deliver Silver ions to an infected area, within the body. For example, when encountering Chloride, it will easily become Silver Chloride.

Colloidal Silver will kill Bacteria, Viruses, Fungus, Mold, and Parasites (ALL single Celled Organisms).
Colloidal Silver is safe for plants, reptiles, and animals (humans), but deadly for pathogens, within minutes of contact.

The reason for this is that the cell structure of animals differs from that of these single celled organism pathogens.
The Pathogens are surrounded by a rigid cell wall, that animal cells (and the cells of all multi-celled organisms) do not have.
These cells rely in an enzyme, which acts as a sort of chemical lung, which those cells rely on for their metabolism / gas exchange.
The Silver particle attaches itself to that rigid cell wall (enzyme) of the pathogens, and effects that enzyme in such a way, that within minutes, it literally suffocates the pathogen to death.
Colloidal Silver does not react with anything in the body except a pathogens oxygen metabolizing enzyme.

Once the pathogen is dead, it begins to decay, releasing toxins, which poison the host (you).
This may initially bring on symptoms, which would remind one of a mild hang over.
This is because the toxins released during the initial pathogen die off, may overload your system.
These symptoms are relieved by drinking lots of water, in order to help your body flush out the toxins, along with the dead, decaying pathogens.

The hosts body has a much easier time removing a dead and decaying pathogen, which can no longer fight off the hosts immune system.
The pathogens are simply filtered out by the hosts systems, like the kidneys, and liver, and excreted as waste.

Colloidal Silver can safely be used / applied into EVERY part of the body, and used in every opening - Eyes, Ears, Nose, Throat, Vagina,
It may be taken orally (although it is not as effective this way, since stomach acid is said to neutralize much of it). It may also be taken very effectively,
rectally (a good way to get large doses into the blood without any silver being neutralized by the stomach acid), intravenously, or Sublingually.

When taking orally, the Silver absorbs best on an empty stomach, when digestion is not occurring, and there is less stomach acid.
In spite of the issue with stomach acid, many people report great success resolving issues, by taking Colloidal Silver orally.

I recommend an eye dropper for eyes, ears, nose (sinus) treatment.
I recommend a small spray bottle for cuts, burns, applying to bandages for rashes, or eczema, also spray on fungus, mold, and of course, into the throat (soar throat),
as well as to safely, and non-toxically disinfect and deodorize things (cleaning) everywhere.

It has been used in Hospitals for many years as an antiseptic, antimicrobial, and as a disinfectant.

Electrolytically dissolved silver has been used as a water disinfecting agent,
for the drinking water of the Russian Mir orbital station, and the International Space Station.
The World Health Organization includes silver in a colloidal state
produced by electrolysis of silver electrodes in water,
as a disinfection method specified to provide safe drinking water, in developing countries.

Silver compounds continue to be used in external preparations as antiseptics,
as eye drops to prevent conjunctivitis in newborn babies.
Silver is also sometimes used in dermatology to treat certain skin conditions, such as corns and warts.

Safely, and non-toxically disinfecting kids toys, or anything constantly handled by many people, to prevent the spread of illness seems like a good application.

It has been used to preserve food, before refrigeration was available.

It is currently put into new born babies eyes, in order to eliminate the possibility of them contracting diseases from their parent, as well as to prevent conjunctivitis.

It is currently used in Burn Units for people who have lost allot of skin to burns.
It is considered "The gold standard in topical burn treatment".

It is not a "Toxic Heavy Metal", like Mercury, Aluminum, or Lead, and does not cause neurologic problems, like toxic heavy metals do.

Colloidal Silver does not just eliminate infection, it also aides the healing process.

The usual cell division in body tissue is called Mitosis.
Mitosis is when two new, identical cells are formed by division.
When Colloidal Silver is present in body tissue, some of the divisions will be different.
One duplicate cell, and one dedifferentiated cell are formed.
The dedifferentiated cell is like a baby’s cell, which can change into any type of cell in the body.
It will naturally migrate to a part of the body where there is tissue damage, where the cell then changes into that tissues type of cell,
adding to the normal cell repair in the injured area, and greatly lessening scar tissue formation.
Positive Silver accelerates the healing process by over 50 percent.
Colloidal Silver has been observed, facilitating major growth stimulation of injured tissues.
When human fibroblast cells, which are common throughout the body, were exposed to silver, they differentiated.
In other words, they changed into an embryonic general cell, able to multiply at a great rate,
and then change into the specialized cells of the organ or tissue that had been injured.
Even in patients over the age of 50 years, tissues healed as easily as a child's tissues.
This accelerated healing benefit of Colloidal Silver was discovered by Robert O. Becker, MD.

I have found that the spray bottle makes it a convenient, and extremely effective deodorant, as it kills the bacteria responsible for the odor.

Colloidal Silver has MANY practical uses, and is a really handy thing to have around, in general!
It is effective against ALL infections, and unlike antibiotics, will not produce resistant strains, as it simply kills every pathogen!
Taken rectally, it eliminates illness faster than antibiotics (a couple days, instead of a couple weeks). (Get over your inhibitions, with this one!)

Colloidal Silver is effective against viruses, unlike antibiotics, and can both prevent, and cure the common Cold, as well as the Flu!
It is effective in treating against biological weapons, such as Anthrax.

People who take Colloidal Silver claim they NEVER get sick anymore, and that they have gone years, without catching a cold, or getting the flu.

Many people are claiming that it cured their Cancer, and that their doctors lab results proved it. We question this claim, as cancer is a mutated cell from a multi-celled organism, and Colloidal Silver only kills ALL SINGLE CELLED ORGANISMS, based on their cell structure.
It is speculative that Colloidal Silver may help by assisting ones immune system with other pathogens, thus freeing up the immune system up to fight the cancer.

Dr. R. Becker concluded that in the presence of the silver ion, cancer cells change back to normal cells regardless of their location in the body.
He concluded that the presence of the silver ion regenerates tissues, and eliminates cancerous cells, as well as eliminating other abnormal cells.
Dr. Bjorn Nordstrom of Sweden's Karolinska Institute has used silver in his cancer CURE methods for many years.
He records that he has successfully cured patients, who had been diagnosed by other doctors as terminally ill.

There are suggestions, that it may even cure HIV, and even if it does not, it certainly should do for them ,what their failing immune system can no longer do.
It is claimed that some years ago an independent research laboratory sent to the University of California in Los Angeles
a sample of Colloidal Silver to be tested against AIDS, and anthrax.
UCLA undertook the tests, and proved conclusively that Colloidal Silver was highly effective, in remedial applications against both disease pathogens.
The independent researcher has obtained the same results in his own laboratory, and sought confirmation from UCLA.
When the UCLA laboratory director called to confirm those findings, the director of the independent laboratory
asked to have as the test results on a letter bearing the UCLA letterhead.
However he was advised that a payment of $10,000 USD was required for this letter.
The UCLA lab report confirming the effectiveness remains unofficial.

Colloidal silver may reduce the absorption of some medications, including tetracycline, thyroxine, quinolone antibiotics, and can bind to penicillamine,
thereby reducing the effectiveness of those medications, but it does NOT react with any medications.

Argyria (blue skin) has never been reported with silver, in the pure metallic, or colloidal form,
but only when in ionic form combined with protein, or an anion such as nitrate.

Images of the Device I made

The Electrode Harness

The Perf board Electrode Fixture

The External Power Option Harness


The Perf Board rests on the mouth of the Pyrex container, and the Electrodes are suspended in the Distilled Water.
Holes are drilled in the Perf Board to snugly fit the electrodes, and provide predefined electrode gaps.

The Clips from the Harness, clip on to the Electrodes.

Electrodes Should be 99.99% Pure Silver in Quality, although some other people are using 99.9% (Never use 99.5% Sterling!!!)

Surface area affects Current Density, and can affect the particle size.

Best results are achieved by maximizing surface area.

The 12 gauge wire is the biggest (most surface area) available from the following source (or any good source I have found).

12 gauge .9999 Pure Silver Electrodes are available Here.

Buy a 1 to 2 foot length, and cut it in half to make your electrodes (2 Foot recommended).

I bought 2 foot, and coiled it up, to keep as much submerged as possible (More surface area).

Keep in mind you will want to clean the Wire frequently, and some configurations will make that difficult.

Some people acquire 2 Canadian Maple Leafs from a Coin Dealer. They are 1.2 oz of .9999 Pure Silver.

They then flatten them out, and use them as electrodes. I haven't found them affordable (no deals, yet).

More Wire will provide you with greater surface area, which is significant, relating to better current density, and it will also produce proportionally more Colloidal Silver solution (a win - win).

Electrode Information

Electrode Yield:
The amount of Colloidal Silver a set of Electrodes can produce can be calculated from the weight of the 2 silver metal electrodes, at a chosen desired PPM (milligrams / liter).
The relevant equation is concentration = weight divided by volume. In the case of Colloidal Silver, PPM = mg/liter.
Therefore total volume = weight of electrodes divided by PPM.
For two electrodes each 1 lb (454 gm), and a desired PPM of 10 mg/l,
the total volume would be 908000/10 = 90,800 liters = 23,989 gallons.
Area is important for quality of the product.

1 ounce = 28.3495231 grams or 28349.5231 milligrams.
1 liters = 0.264172052 US gallons
1 inches = 2.54 centimeters
1 in² = 6.4516 cm²

1 oz of Silver makes 28349.5231/10 = 2834.95231 liters = 748.915 US gallons @ 10PPM
So 1 oz of Silver will make:
28,349.5231 liters = 7489.15 US gallons @ 1PPM
or 5669.90462 liters = 499.28 US gallons @ 5PPM
or 2834.95231 liters = 748.915 US gallons @ 10PPM
or 1889.96820667 liters = 499.28 US gallons @ 15PPM
or 1417.476155 liters = 347.46 US gallons @ 20PPM
or 1133.980924 liters = 299.568 US gallons @ 25PPM

With small to medium sized electrodes, it is unwise to use more than 2 liters of Water at a time.

Electrode Surface Area:
12 Gauge = .081" diameter or .0405" radius

R = radius
L = length
Submerged Wire Electrode Area = 2πR² + 2πRL
Submerged 12 Gauge Electrode Area =  .0103059947 + .254469005L

Total Surface Area Submerged of 12 Gauge Donor Electrode

Submerged Electrode Length in inches in² of surface area cm² of surface area
3" .77371301 4.99168
3.5" .900947512 5.81255
4" 1.02818201446 6.63341
4.5" 1.15541651693 7.45428
5" 1.2826510194 8.27515
5.5" 1.40988552188 9.09601
6" 1.53712002435 9.91688
9" 2.30052703917 14.8420
9.5" 2.42776154164 15.6629
10" 2.55499604411 16.4838
10.5" 2.68223054658 17.3046
11" 2.80946504905 18.1255
11.5" 2.93669955152 18.9464
12" 3.06393405399 19.7672
Only the donor Electrodes Surface area is relevant to Current Density, and resultant particle size produced by it, alone.


Electrode Current Density:

Current Density j is typically measured in Amperes / Meter², but for this application these units seem more appropriate.
Table of Current Densities j for Donor Electrode during Electrolysis Process (Making Colloidal Silver):

If you bought 2 Foot of 12 Gauge Wire, making two 12" Electrodes:
Current Densities j (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

11.5" (29.21cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 2.93669955152 in² or 18.9464 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 3.40518320808 .527804754
9 3.06466488727 .475024279
8 2.72414656646 .422243804
7 2.38362824565 .369463328
6 2.04310992485 .316682853
5 1.70259160404 .263902377
4 1.36207328323 .211121902
3 1.02155496242 .15834142634
2.93669955152 1 .155000399
2.5 .851295802 .131951189
2 .681036642 .105560951
1 .340518321 .0527804754
.5 .17025916 .0263902377
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

11" (27.94cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 2.80946504905 in² or 18.1255 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 3.56066385921 .551708918
9 3.20459747329 .496538027
8 2.84853108737 .4413671647
7 2.49246470145 .386196243
6 2.13639831552 .331025351
5 1.7803319296 .275854459
4 1.42426554368 .22068356735
3 1.06819915776 .165512676
2.80946504905 1 .155000692
2.5 .889849119 .13792723
2 .712132772 .110341784
1 .356066386 .0551708918
.5 .17803319296 .0275854459
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

10.5" (26.67cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 2.68223054658 in² or 17.3046 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 3.72824029342 .577881026
9 3.35541626408 .520092923
8 2.98259223474 .462304821
7 2.60976820539 .404516718
6 2.23694417605 .346728616
5 1.86412014671 .288940513
4 1.49129611737 .23115241
3 1.11847208803 .173364308
2.68223054658 1 .155001014
2.5 .932060073 .144470256
2 .745648059 .115576205
1 .372824029 .0577881026
.5 .186412015 .0288940513
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

10" (25.4cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 2.55499604411 in² or 16.4838 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 3.91390038472 .606656232
9 3.52251034625 5.45990609
8 3.13112030778 .485324986
7 2.7397302693 .424659363
6 2.34834023083 .363993739
5 1.95695019236 .30332811609
4 1.56556015389 .242662493
3 1.17417011542 .18199687
2.5594 1.00172366447 .15499460076
2.55499604411 1 .155000427
2.554989 .999997243 .155000000
2.55451275 .9998108435 .154971108
2.5 .97847509618 .151664058
2.47257 .967739267 .150000000
2.4 .939336092 .145597496
2.3 .900197088 .139530933
2.25 .880627587 .13649765224
2.2 .860158085 .133464371
2.1 .821919081 .127397809
2 .782780077 .121331246
1 .391390038 .0606656232
.5 .19569501 .0303328116
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

9.5" (24.13cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 2.42776154164 in² or 15.6629 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 4.1190206816 .638451372
9 3.70711861344 .574606235
8 3.29521654528 .510761098
7 2.88331447712 .446915961
6 2.47141240896 .383070823
5 2.0595103408 .319225686
4 1.64760827264 .25538054894
3 1.23570620448 .191535412
2.5 1.0297551704 .159612843
2.42776154164 1 .155000769
2.25 .926779653 .143651559
2 .823804136 .12769027447
1 .41190206816 .0638451372
.5 .20595103408 .0319225686
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

9" (22.86cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 2.30052703917 in² or 14.8420 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 4.34683002188 .673763644
9 3.91214701969 .606387279
8 3.4774640175 .539010915
7 3.04278101531 .4716345506
6 2.60809801313 .404258186
5 2.17341501094 .336881822
4 1.73873200875 .269505457
3 1.30404900656 .202129093
2.5 1.08670750547 .168440911
2.30052703917 1 .155001148
2.25 .978036755 .15159682
2 .89366004 .134752729
1 .434683002 .0673763644
.5 2.17341501 .0336881822

If you bought 1 Foot of 12 Gauge Wire making two 6" Electrodes:

Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

5.5" (13.97cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 1.40988552188 in² or 9.09601 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 7.09277444502 1.09938313612
9 6.38349700052 .98944482251
8 5.67421955602 .879506509
7 4.96494211152 .769568195
6 4.25566466701 .65929882
5 3.54638722251 .549691568
4 2.83710977801 .43975325
3 2.12783233351 .329814941
2 1.418554889 .219876627
1.40988552188 1 .15500437
1.25 .887226095 .137422892
1 .709277445 .109938314
.75 .531958083 .0824537352
.5 .354638722 .0549691568
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

5" (12.7cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 1.2826510194 in² or 8.27515 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 7.79635290406 1.20843730929
9 7.01671761366 1.08759357836
8 6.23708232325 .966749847
7 5.45744703284 .845906117
6 4.67781174244 .725062386
5 3.89817645203 .604218655
4 3.11854116163 .483374924
3 2.33890587122 .362531193
2 1.55927058081 .241687462
1.2826510194 1 .155000335
1.25 .974544113 .15105466
1 .77963529 .120843731
.75 .584726468 .0906327982
.5 .389817645 .0604218655
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

4.5" (11.43cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 1.15541651693 in² or 7.45428 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 8.65488752625 1.34151118552
9 7.78939877362 1.20736006697
8 6.923910021 1.07320894842
7 6.05842126837 .93905783
6 5.19293251575 .804906711
5 4.32744376312 .67075559276
4 3.4619550105 .536604474
3 2.59646625787 .402453356
2 1.73097750525 .268302237
1.25 1.08186094078 .16768889819
1.15541651693 1 .155000418
1 .865488753 .134151119
.75 .649116564 .100613339
.5 .432744376 .0670755593
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

4" (10.16cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire 1.02818201446 in² or 6.63341 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 9.72590442097 1.50752026484
9 8.75331397887 1.35676823836
8 7.78072353678 1.20601621187
7 6.80813309468 1.05526418539
6 5.83554265258 .904512159
5 4.86295221049 .753760132
4 3.89036176839 .603008106
3 2.91777132629 .452256079
2 1.94518088419 .301504053
1.25 1.21573805262 .188440033
1.02818201446 1 .155000522
1 .972590442 .150752026
.75 .729442832 .11306402
.5 .486295221 .0753760132
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

3.5" (8.89cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire .900947512 in² or 5.81255 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 11.0994257344 1.72041530826
9 9.98948316092 1.54837377743
8 8.87954058749 1.3763322466
7 7.76959801405 1.20429071578
6 6.65965544062 1.03224918495
5 5.54971286718 .860207654
4 4.43977029374 .688166123
3 3.32982772031 .516124592
2 2.21988514687 .344083062
1.25 1.38742821679 .215051914
1 1.10994257344 .172041531
.900947512 1 .155000389
.75 .83245693 .129031148
.5 .554971287 .0860207654
Current Densities (ma / electrode area) where ma = current in milliamps

3" (7.62cm) Submerged 12 gauge wire .77371301 in² or 4.99168 cm²

Current in milliamps

Current Density ma / in² Current Density ma / cm²
10 12.9246889619 2.00333354702
9 11.6322200657 1.80300019232
8 10.3397511695 1.60266683762
7 9.04728227331 1.40233348292
6 7.75481337712 1.20200012821
5 6.46234448093 1.00166677351
4 5.16987558475 .801333419
3 3.87740668856 .601000064
2 2.58493779237 .400666709
1.25 1.61558612023 .250416693
1 1.29246889619 .200333355
.77371301 1 .154599856
.75 .96935167214 .150250016
.5 .646234448 .100166677

Silver electrodes should not exceed a current density j range of about 2ma / in².
It is suggested to regulate current density at approximately 1ma / in², and not to exceed 2ma / in².
NOTE: As the electrodes are used, over time, their surface area will decrease. You may have to lower the current set point.

Parts per million (PPM) is directly related to (Current Density or current in milliamperes / electrode area), to time, to temperature, and inversely to volume of water.

PPM = Current Density j X Time X Temperature / Volume

Time increases exponentially, with reduction in current density, but it offers one the ability to create a higher PPM of Clear solution.

Colloidal silver consists of silver in two distinctly different forms, metallic silver particles, and ions.
The total amount of silver that is reported as the silver concentration in PPM (parts per million) is
the sum total of the silver contained in the particles, and the silver contained in the silver ions.
Some people observe batches which exhibit a PPM drop, along with a color shift, from clear to yellow, over the 24 hour period, or so, after the batches creation. As the Silver ions stabilize, and take on an electron, becoming Silver atoms, again, they agglomerate into, and contribute to, the size of particles in the solution. This agglomeration may account for the color shift they observe. It also accounts for a lower total number of parts in the colloid. The same amount of Silver still exists in the Colloid, only it is now in the form of fewer, larger particles, or fewer parts, accounting for the total number of Parts Per Million measuring lower.

In order to determine the percentage of Charged Silver Particles, in relation to Silver ions, one might:
1) Test the PPM of the solution.
2) Run the solution in a centrifuge, to separate out the Silver particles, leaving only the Silver ions behind in the solution.
3) Re-test the PPM of the solution, with only the Silver ions left.
The PPM reading will now represent only the Silver ions in the solution. The difference represents the Silver Particles.

Electrode Gap:
What about Electrode Gap?
Impedance increases with increase in gap, and with a current regulated device (Colloidal Silver Generator), an increase in gap will cause the voltage to increase, in order to maintain the regulated current. With a current regulated device, electrode gap is NOT what determines particle size, or the resulting PPM of the batch produced by the device.
Voltage regulated, and voltage regulated polarity swapping devices use this gap to sense current, for automatic shut down.
With regulated Voltage, Current and particle size constantly increase, as the impedance of the solution decreases.
This inherent property of Voltage regulated devices (Colloidal Silver Generators), is called "current run away".
Increasing gap increases impedance, and if voltage is fixed/regulated, the current will be decreased, as gap increases.
This is why they set their gap in order to attain different PPM's. Their shut down occurs before the current gets high enough to produce excessively great numbers of LARGE particles. This is NOT an issue with a current regulated device, as the current set point should be set to a current which always produces small particles. By adjusting the current of your electrodes to produce the appropriate current density. With a current regulated device, gap should be set to the maximum gap, which does not touch the sides, or bottom of most standard sized containers. In an extremely large container, you may wish to start off with a closer gap, for the first 10 minute cycle, just to start the solution, then increase the gap for the rest of the process. This will not only help to insure you do not create agglomerates between an electrode gap which is too small, and it will also help promote the circulation of Silver particles throughout the rest of the solution, while minimizing build up on the electrodes.

Electrode Positioning:
DO NOT allow the electrodes to be in contact with the bottom of the container, and as much as possible do not allow them to contact the sides of the container as well.
As silver coats the bottom and sides of the container, it produces a conductive coating on the container, which is an alternate path for current to flow. If current flows through a coating on the container, it will degrade, and / or interrupt your Colloidal Silver making process. Always take care to position the electrodes so that they are not in contact with the container, and especially the bottom, as the most build up occurs there. In very small containers limit contact with the sides of the container as much as possible, and keep the electrodes from contacting the bottom entirely.

PPM is the measurement of the SUM of both particles, and ions present in the solution.
Silver ions DO NOT show a Tyndall Effect. Only particles reflect the LASER's light, and show a Tyndall Effect.
For a solution to be a true Colloid, it must have particles.
While a colloid may, or may not contain ions, it absolutely MUST have particles, in order to be considered a colloid.
A solution of Silver ions alone, is NOT considered a Colloid, but is instead considered "ionic Silver".
A "colloid" is basically defined as particles suspended in a solution. These particles remain in suspension due to their similar charges. Like charges repel.
The greater their charge (called Zeta Potential), the more stable the suspension is, and the less likely the particles are to come out of suspension.
As of the present moment, I have never had any particles settle out of my solutions, and collect on the bottom, of my containers.

A 28PPM Clear batch of Colloidal Silver made with the Colloidal Silver Generator on this page.


A Colloid Defined:
A colloid is a substance microscopically dispersed evenly throughout another substance.
A colloidal system consists of two separate phases:
1) a dispersed phase (or internal phase) (in this case, the Silver particles)
2) a continuous phase (or dispersion medium) in which the colloid is dispersed. (In this case, the Distilled Water)
A colloidal system may be solid, liquid, or gaseous.
The dispersed-phase particles have a diameter of between approximately 1 and 1000 nanometers.
Keep in mind that Silver particles from 1 to 10 nanometers are large enough, to appear as yellow in solution, and we do not want large particles.
1000 nanometers is only mentioned here as part of the definition for a colloid. It is not an acceptable maximum size for particles, in a quality Colloidal Silver Solution.
Property Comparison for Solutions, Colloidal Dispersions, and Suspensions
Property Solution Colloidal Dispersion Suspension
Type of Mixture homogenous (uniform in composition) homogenous (uniform in composition) heterogeneous (not uniform in composition)
Type of Particles atoms, ions, and small molecules groups of small particles, or individual larger molecules very large particles, which are often visible
Effect of Light transparent scatters light (Tyndall Effect) not transparent
Settling Properties particles do not settle particles do not settle particles settle rapidly
Filtration Properties particles cannot be filtered out particles cannot be filtered out particles can be filtered out
Particle Size <10-9 m (less than 1 nm) 10-9 m to 10-6 m (1 nm to 1000 nm) 10-6 m ( larger than 1000 nm)
Tyndall Effect is used to differentiate between an Ionic Solution, and a Colloidal Dispersion, or in our case Ionic Silver, and Colloidal Silver.


Particle Size and Particle Surface Area

Particle surface area is the property of a colloid that determines its effectiveness.
Particle size has a direct effect on particle surface area, but in the exact opposite way from what you might expect,
because particle surface area increases, as particle size decreases.

To understand the effect of particle size on surface area, consider a U.S. silver dollar.
The silver dollar contains 26.96 grams of coin silver, has a diameter of about 40 mm,
and has a total surface area of approximately 27.7 cm2.
If the same amount of silver were divided into 1 nanometer particles,
the total surface area of those particles would be 11,400 square meters, or just over 2.8 acres!
When the amount of coin silver contained in a silver dollar is broken into 1 nanometer particles,
the surface area of those particles is over 4 million times greater than the surface area of the silver dollar!
This example clearly illustrates that the smaller the particles and the greater the quantity of them, the greater surface area.

Particle surface area is the property of a colloid which translates
directly to the ability of the colloid to react with its environment.
Effectiveness of colloids is predicated on exposing
the largest possible surface area of the metal particles to the areas of interest.
The importance of colloid particle surface area cannot be over emphasized.
It is the single most important attribute for determining how effectively
the colloidal particles will interact with their environment inside the human body.
In the chemical world, reactivity increases with increasing surface area.
For this reason particle surface area is an excellent metric
for comparing the physical properties of colloids.

Particle surface area is the total surface area in square centimeters (cm2)
of all the particles in one milliliter (ml) of colloid.
The surface area is a calculated value based on the concentration of particles (PPM)
and the mean diameter of the particles.
The calculation assumes the particles are spherical.
Particle surface area is inversely proportional to particle size,
which means for a constant concentration of silver in the particles,
the surface area increases as the particle size decreases.
In the chemical world, reactivity increases with increasing surface area.
Therefore, the effectiveness of a colloid increases with decreasing particle size as the particle surface area increases.
In metal colloids the increase in reactivity that derives from the increased particle surface area
translates directly to effectiveness of the colloid.
For Example:
Surface area is expressed in square centimeters (cm2) per milliliter (ml) of colloidal liquid,
and is written as (cm2/ml).
For example, the particle surface area of 1 PPM of particles having a mean diameter of 10 nm
is 0.423 cm2/ml, while 1 PPM of 1 nm diameter particles has a particle surface area of 4.23 cm2/ml,
which is ten times the surface area of the 10 nm particles.

Particle surface area is what determines a colloids ability to react with its environment.
Reactivity increases with increasing surface area.
Particle surface area can be determined by measuring the physical properties of a colloid.
Because it is comprised of two important physical properties, particle size and particle concentration,
it serves as a good comparison for colloids.
Since it can be expressed as a single number,
particle surface area can be considered a figure of merit
for the effectiveness of a colloid.
In this context, effectiveness is defined as the ability
of the colloid to react with its environment.
The higher the surface area, the more reactive the colloid,
hence the more effective it is in reacting with its environment.

Generally, products that contain a high percentage of silver in the form of silver ions will have a very low particle surface area,
while products that have a high percentage of silver in the form of particles will have a higher particle surface area.
The highest particle surface area will be found in products having the highest particle concentration, and the smallest sized particles.
While ions are not considered in this test for surface area, they are significant.
Electrolytically produced Silver Colloids contain significant portions of Ionic Silver, as well as Colloidal Silver.
Silver Ions are positively charged because they are an atom of Silver which is missing an electron.
Electrons are negatively charged, and so when an atom is missing an electron, the sum of its charge becomes positive.
Ions are unstable, and react easily with things, in an attempt to balance themselves out by replacing their missing electron.
They can take an electron from the electrolysis process, and become an atom again, or they can share an electron with something else.
Colloidal Silver Color:
The color of the Colloidal Silver batch is an indicator of particle Size. For true "electro-colloidal" silver, the particle size range that can appear yellow is .001 to .01 microns (10 to 100 angstroms) or (1 to 10 nanometers), because that is the size of silver particles that best absorb light in the indigo range, leaving only its inverse color, yellow, to be observed. The final transparent-yellow appearance only shows up after the particles have become evenly dispersed.
1 Angstrom = 1×10-10 meters (1 ten billionth of a meter) or .1 Nanometer
1 Nanometer = 1×10-9 meters (1 billionth of a meter)
1 Micron or 1 Micrometer = 1×10-6 meters (1 millionth of a meter)
One should note that ALL Colloidal Metals have a Yellow phase, not just Silver.
For the purpose of the creation of Colloidal Silver with small particle size, yellow is an indicator that the particles have plated, grown or agglomerated into a size ranging from 1 to 10 nanometers. Because it is desirable to produce as many as possible of the smallest particles possible, a yellow color should be an indicator to STOP the process, as continuing the process would continue growing, or increasing the particle size.
Camera used as a measurement tool:
If you are creating, and refining your own procedure for producing Colloidal Silver, yellow may be observed with a single color light source, high intensity LED Flash, and a color digital camera (like the camera and flash commonly found in a Cell Phone), before yellow is visible to the unaided eye. This typically shows yellow in the digital photograph one heat cycle before yellow becomes visible to the unaided eye. This camera method may be used to determine when to STOP the process. An ideal time to stop future batches would then be one less heat cycle than what would show up as yellow to the camera. Doing this will insure that particle size remains small, and surface area remains high, provided this clear batch is also at a high PPM. Knowing that yellow is visible when particle size ranges from 1 to 10 nanometers in size, using this method allows one to know that the particle size produced in this clear batch should then remain less than 1 nanometer in size.
The most effective batch one could develop a process for would then be clear to the camera and to the eye, at the highest PPM possible.


Tyndall Effect and Rayliegh principle

When light interacts with particles which are small in comparison to its wavelength, light will be scattered,
according to the Rayleigh principle (opalescence or Tyndall Effect).
Accordingly the scattering coefficient is proportional to λˉ4. (The letter lambda λ represents wavelength)
Therefore short-wave, blue light is scattered 10 times more effectively, than long-wave red light.

Tyndall effect is seen when light-scattering particulate-matter is dispersed in an otherwise light-transmitting medium,
when the cross-section of an individual particulate is the range of roughly between 40 and 900 nanometers,
i.e., somewhat below or near the wavelength of visible light (400–750 nanometers).

Wavelength of visible light 400 - 750 nm
A typical human eye will respond to wavelengths from about 390 to 750 nm
Color Frequency Wavelength
Color Frequency Wavelength
violet 668–789 THz 380–450 nm
blue 631–668 THz 450–475 nm
cyan 606–630 THz 476–495 nm
green 526–606 THz 495–570 nm
yellow 508–526 THz 570–590 nm
orange 484–508 THz 590–620 nm
red 400–484 THz 620–750 nm

Colors that can be produced by visible light, of a narrow band of wavelengths (monochromatic light) are called pure spectral colors.
The various color ranges indicated, in the table above are an approximation:
the spectrum is continuous, with no clear boundaries between one color, and the next.

To put this in simple terms:
The Tyndall effect is the reflection of light, off of the particles suspended in a solution, which are too small for the eye to see.
Ions DO NOT reflect light, at all, and CAN NOT produce a Tyndall effect!
Particles will reflect monochromatic (single color) light, to produce a Tyndall Effect!
The light source must be single color, for the Tyndall effect to work properly,  a focused beam is better, and brighter helps make it easier to see, as well.
This is why a red LASER pointer is an excellent choice; it is single color, extremely focused,  and very bright. Red also does not scatter as much, as other colors.
Single Color Light Sources commonly available are: LASER, and LED.

The luminous path of a beam of light is called a Tyndall Cone.
Any true colloid, will produce a Tyndall Cone once a narrow beam of light pierces the medium.
A laser pointer works best.
As the light passes through the colloid, each particle of silver reflects the light across other silver particles.
The colloid becomes a sort of sea, of submicroscopic mirror balls, creating a glowing tunnel of light, much wider than the original beam.
Therefore, even clear colloidal silver can be given a visual test, which will prove the incredibly tiny particles are there.
Because clear colloids contain the smallest silver particles, the Tyndall cone will be faint, but still visible to the unaided eye.

A LASER showing the Tyndall Effect of the Colloidal Silver made with the device on this page


Procedure to create Colloidal Silver:


1) Make Certain that ALL of your equipment is Clean!!!
Use Scotch-Brite ONCE on the Electrodes prior to preparing a batch. Then wipe any dust from that off with a paper towel.

Note: Green scouring pads and some steel wool pads often have soap, or other chemicals which are bad for the silver. Do not use them!

 VERY IMPORTANT - Use a few drops of distilled water, and a clean paper towel to thoroughly clean any other contaminants from the inside of the container used to make your Colloidal Silver, every time, before you use it!!!

If you reuse the same container, even though the container seems perfectly clean, when you wipe it out, the sides and bottom of the container may still be coated. This can, and will affect your new batch!

 2) Make sure you have a properly Distilled Water!!!

Most problems occur due to contaminated equipment, or distilled water wrongly claiming to be "Distilled Water", when in fact, it is NOT, or a Distilled Water which has minerals added to it.

One of the BIGGEST problems you will face is getting decent Distilled Water. There are many brands which are totally bogus!!! You either need to find a good brand, or distill water yourself!

There are many sources of impurities, which will ruin your batch of Colloidal Silver.

If your batch becomes cloudy, mucky, or muddy quickly, you have contamination of your batch.

Taking proper precautions in preparation for the batch you are making will make all the difference between success, and failure.

Set the Electrode Gap to 2 inches.

Making Colloidal Silver – Reheat Method:

1) Fill a non-conductive container which can be heated with Distilled Water, as close to the top of the container as is safely possible.

2) Bring the Distilled Water to a Boil. This releases any absorbed Carbon dioxide.

3) Remove or reduce the heat source to below boiling. Water is lost quickly due to evaporation.

4) Turn on the Colloidal Silver generator.

5) Place the electrodes in water, and connect the output of the Colloidal Silver Generator to the Electrodes.

6) Begin timing the batch for the cycle time you desire. See Batch Charts for a guide to cycle times.

7) When a cycle is complete, remove the electrodes, by lifting the entire fixture out of the solution.

8) Wipe the electrodes off with a clean paper towel.

9) Stir the batch thoroughly.

10) If this was the last cycle of the batch you are making Stop here, you are done.

11) If this was not the last cycle, reheat the solution until it is just brought to a boil, then remove it from the heat, or reduce the heat to just below boiling.

12) Reverse the Electrical Connections to the Electrodes, and repeat steps 5 through 12.

Note: Atmospheric Conditions such as temperature, barometric pressure, relative humidity (saturation), and dew point can affect the rate of evaporation, and thus, the rate of cooling during the electrolytic process. These atmospheric conditions will slightly affect each resulting batch, as these conditions change. This can be only somewhat stabilized, by maintaining a stable temperature throughout the process, by means of a constant regulated heat source, such as a hot plate.

Partially covering the container opening with plastic wrap (or other cover), during the process, when using larger mouthed containers, can greatly reduce evaporation, and heat loss.

Avoid shorting the electrodes together, as this will stop the production of Colloidal Silver.


Batch Charts – Reheat Method + Hot Tray

1 Cup or 250 ml Container overfilled to 300 ml batch size
Typical batch results at 1ma/in² Current Density – Uncovered – Temp in °F

Time Process PPM Temp Color Tyndall Stabilized PPM
0 min 0 210 Clear No 0
30 min 9 142/210 Clear No 7
60 min 15 142/210 Clear Barely 11
90 min 20 142/210 Clear Faint 17
120 min 24 142 Clear Weak 21
Time Process PPM Temp Color Tyndall Stabilized PPM
0 min 0 210 Clear No 0
10 min 3 142/210 Clear No 2
20 min 6 142/210 Clear No 4
30 min 9 142/210 Clear Barely 6
40 min 12 142/210 Clear Barely 8
50 min 15 142/210 Clear Faint 11
60 min 18 142/210 Clear Faint 14
70 min 21 142/210 Clear Faint 16
80 min 24 142/210 Clear Faint 18
90 min 26 142/210 Clear Faint 20
100 min 27 142/210 Clear Faint 22
110 min 28 142 Clear Weak 24


2 Cups or 500 ml container overfilled to 600 ml batch size
Typical batch results at 1ma/in² Current Density - Uncovered– Temp in °F

Time Process PPM Temp Color Tyndall Stabilized PPM
0 min 0 210 Clear No 0
30 min 5 159/210 Clear No 5
60 min 9 149/210 Clear No 9
90 min 13 147/210 Clear Barely 12
120 min 16 146/210 Clear Barely 15
150 min 20 146/210 Clear Faint 18
180 min 24 142/210 Clear Faint 22
210 min 28 144/210 Clear Faint 26
Best at 5 reheats with the last reheat at 150 min and cycle ending at 180 min 24PPM, stabilized 20 to 22 PPM.
2 Cups or 500 ml batch size is the best size for making the maximum quantity of clear batch, at a very high PPM.
Makes approximately 1 1/2 Cups, after evaporation caused by applied heat, during processing.


4 Cup or 1 L Container overfilled to 1.1L batch size
Typical batch results at 1ma/in² Current Density on Hot Tray - Covered to perf board - limits evaporation

Time Process PPM Temp Color Tyndall Stabilized PPM
0 min 0 210 Clear No 0
30 min 3 170/210 Clear No 3
60 min 7 170/210 Clear Barely 5
90 min 10 170/210 Clear Barely 8
120 min 14 170/210 Clear Faint 11
150 min 17 170/210 Clear Weak 14
180 min 20 170/210 Clear Yes 16
210 min 22 170 Clear to eye yellow to Camera Yes 18


Note: ALL batch sizes get Strong Tyndall Effects once Stabilized.
Stabilization takes from a couple to 24 Hours.
Temp in °F and Time in minutes.
Hot tray is only a warming tray, and cannot keep water near boiling point.
Reheat method done without it, will yield virtually identical results.


Sinus Friendly Batch:
Colloidal Silver Batch Chart for 1 Cup or 250 ml container overfilled to 300 ml batch size
Typical batch results at 1ma/in² Current Density – Uncovered – Temp in °F

Time Reheats Process PPM Temp Color Tyndall Stabilized PPM Infection
0 min 0 0 210 Clear No 0 -
10 min 1 3 142/210 Clear No 2 -
20 min 2 6 142/210 Clear No 4 -
30 min 3 9 142/210 Clear Barely 6 Mild
40 min 4 12 142/210 Clear Barely 8 Normal
50 min 5 15 142/210 Clear Faint 11 Severe
60 min 6 18 142 Clear Weak 14 -

Use 4 reheats with the last reheat at 40min and the cycle ending at 50min. Allow to stabilized 24 to 36 hours for maximum soothing effect. Can be used immediately for infection, but will not be immediately as soothing until stabilized. The object of this batch is to make a Clear 10PPM to 15PPM batch, with a pH in the range of the human body, or 7.2 to 7.45. By making a batch in that pH range it is more soothing to the sinus. To do this one must process a very small batch within only a few short cycles. The pH of distilled water is 7, and the pH of any batch constantly rises during processing. This batch was found to be pretty soothing on the sinus at 4 reheat cycles, while still providing a strong enough batch to be effective. This is soothing in the eyes, as well, although they are not as sensitive to pH as the sinus. If you have a sinus infection, and don’t have a Sinus friendly batch ready, use whatever batch you have, to kill the infection, and alleviate your fever symptoms right away, then make a sinus friendly batch (approx. pH 7.365), which will help eliminate the inflammation and restore breathing. A batch with 5 reheats max is already harsh on the sinus, and should only be used for extremely severe sinus infections. Because a 5 reheat batch is harsher, it will not reduce inflammation and restore breathing as effectively as a 4 reheat batch. Final Stabilized results: 3 reheats yields 8PPM, 4 reheats yields 11PPM, 5 reheats yields 14 PPM.

Batch Charts – Cold Procedure

This is the same as the Reheat Procedure, but absolutely NO HEAT APPLIED during processing.

2 Cups or 500 ml container overfilled to 600ml batch size

Typical batch results at 1ma/in² Current Density – Uncovered – Temp in °F

Time Process PPM Temp Color Tyndall Stabilized PPM
0 min 0 74.8 Clear No 0
30 min 1 74.6 Clear No 1
45 min 2 74.4 Clear No 2
60 min 5 74.2 Clear Faint 5
90 min 9 74.2 Clear Faint 9
120 min 10 73.8 Clear Weak 10
150 min 12 74 Clear Yes 11
180 min 14 73.6 Clear Yes 12
210 min 15 73.2 Clear Yes 13
240 min 17 73.4 Clear Yes 14
270 min 18 73.4 Clear Yes 15
300 min 19 73.6 Clear Strong 16
330 min 20 73.6 Clear Strong 17
360 min 21 74.2 Clear Strong 18
390 min 22 74 Clear Strong 19
420 min 23 74.3 Clear Strong 19
450 min 23 74.3 Clear Strong 19
480 min 24 74.4 Clear Strong 20 light yellow
These results are for a 600 ml batch.
This shows 15 half hour cycles, and a final reading at 480 min
At 500ml in less time a batch may stabilize to 20PPM and be clear.
It took the first hour to reach set-point.
420 min may be max time to Stabilized Clear with the Cold Procedure.


Example of Colloidal Silver Creation using a Double Boiler method

This batch was created using a 2 Cup / 500 ml Pyrex measuring cup of Distilled Water over filled to approximately 600 ml and placed into a pot of tap water.
 The pot of boiling tap water was kept at a very low boil, during the process.
 At no time was the Distilled Water Boiled during this process.
 The pot of tap water was approximately 1/3 full BEFORE the 2 Cup Measuring cup was placed inside it.
 This produced a good water level in the pot surrounding the measuring cup in order to transfer heat, while giving the measuring cup excellent stability in the water.
 The pot of tap water was brought to a good boil with the Pyrex measuring cup filled with distilled water already inside it, and then the temperature was then lowered to reduce the tap waters boil, until only bubbles came from under the measuring cup.
 After the pot of tap waters boil slowed, the electrode fixture was placed on the Pyrex measuring cup, and the electrode harness was connected, and the first half hour time cycle was started.
 The water in the Pyrex measuring cup may still have been increasing in temperature, but the process was started, in the interest of reducing evaporation.
 This may result in slowing the initial rate of increase in PPM of the batch, and accounts for the final PPM being slightly lower than with the reheat method.
 The process ran on half hour cycles, at which time the electrodes where pulled, and wiped clean, with a clean paper towel, the solution was stirred, and the electrodes where replaced with their polarity reversed for another half hour cycle until the process was complete.
 The process ran for 6 cycles, which completed at 210 minutes in half hour cycles plus some time for wiping electrodes, and stirring, etc.
 Tap water was added only to the pot, during the THIRD cycle to replace water lost to evaporation.
 This was done by simply pouring water into the pot from another container.
 The temperature was then increased to bring the pot water to a boil, and then reduced back to a slow boil, before proceeding with processing.
 At the end of the 6th cycle, the pot was removed from the heat.
 The Pyrex measuring cup with the Colloidal Silver batch was soon after, carefully lifted out by grabbing the handle, and pouring spout with napkins, or paper towels (used as less cumbersome pot holders).
 Immediately after processing, the batch was clear to the eye and the camera, and tested at 22PPM with a weak Tyndall at 143°F.
 The 2 Cup measuring cup was initially over filled to 600 ml, and it lost approximately 220 ml to evaporation during processing, to yield 380 ml of Colloidal Silver.
 The batch stabilized Clear to the eye and to the Camera at 20PPM with a strong Tyndall.
 This batch was one of the best (most soothing to the sinus), of ALL the batches tested. This method yielded a very high quality 20PPM batch!!!


Storage of Colloidal Silver

Always avoid sunlight when Storing Colloidal Silver.
Do Not Refrigerate.
It is preferable to store Colloidal Silver in Clean, Dark Glass containers.
I have personally only noticed a problem once with plastic.
Polypropylene (marked as PP) should not be a problem, as it does not react with ANYTHING.
Reduce surface area exposed to air, by using tall skinny containers to avoid oxidizing the Silver.
Select dark colored containers, when available, in order to block light, specifically sunlight.
Make sure the container is clean and free from contaminants.
Store Colloidal Silver in a dark location, away from UV light, particularly Sunlight.
Once you have gone to the trouble of making colloidal silver particles smaller than 1 nanometer, it is important to protect them. The particles repel each other in suspension because they each have a positive (+) electrical charge, and "like charges" repel each other.
Anything that can strip this charge off of the particles will degrade the quality of the colloidal silver, by a process called re-coagulation. Re-coagulation is a process by which the particles clump together again, to form larger aggregates. Ultraviolet light from the sun, chemicals from many plastics, as well as contaminants will cause this process to occur. Therefore, colloidal silver is best stored in clean, dark, glass containers. The two types of glass container which are the most suitable for storing Colloidal Silver are dark amber, and the cobalt blue. If only clear containers are available, one should at least keep their Colloidal Silver stored in a dark location where it will never be exposed to sunlight or UV light, or at least cover the containers to block light from reaching your Colloidal Silver.
It has been suggested that the brown colored High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) plastic bottles, used for Hydrogen Peroxide, work well for the storage of Colloidal Silver. I have not personally noticed any issue storing Colloidal Silver in HDPE up to this point. My HDPE container is a Dark Green Plastic Drinking Cup, from a restaurant, with a plastic can lid which fits securely on top, to limit exposure, and evaporation.
The type of plastic a container is made from is typically marked on the bottom of the plastic container; one simply needs to look for it. The marking indicating the type of plastic the container is made from will be found under the recycle symbol on the bottom of the container. There are also 7 number designators corresponding to the type of plastic, which will be located in the recycle symbol. The first six types are specified by number, with the number 7 representing “other”. See Table directly below.

Designators for plastic types as marked on container bottoms

(5) PP = Polypropylene (2) HDPE = High Density Polyethylene
(4) LDPE = Low Density Polyethylene (7) PE = Polyethylene
(1) PET = Polyethylene Terephthalate or PETE (7) PES = Polyethersulfone
(3) V = Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC (6) PS = Polystyrene or Styrofoam
(7) PC = Polycarbonate (7) PLA = Polylactic Acid

PP (Polypropylene), HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) and even PET (PETE) have been found to be acceptable for at least short term storage of Colloidal Silver, through personnel experience. Dark colored glass is still preferred over any plastic, and especially for long term storage. LDPE, PE, PES, and PLA are currently unknown for suitability. If you use any of these, you use them at your own risk! Avoid using V, PS, and PC completely. Avoid heat with ALL plastic containers, as they leach chemicals rapidly with heat, which may quickly destabilize your Colloidal Silver.


Understanding how electrolysis produces silver particles

This discussion of electrolysis assumes two silver electrodes are placed in distilled / deionized water a small distance apart.
The electrodes are connected to a low voltage DC power source (9-40 VDC).
The electrode connected to the positive (+) terminal is referred to as the anode,
the electrode connected to the negative (-) terminal is referred to as the cathode.

When an electric current passes through silver, some silver atoms at the interface with the water will loose an electron, changing the atom into an ion.
Whereas metallic silver is not water soluble, silver ions are water soluble, so the silver ions simply dissolve in the water producing an ionic silver solution.
This is the electrolysis process.
With the electrolysis process, some of the ions in close proximity to the anode, will take on an electron from the current passing through the solution,
and be changed from an ion back into an atom.
These atoms are attracted by other similar atoms, by Van der Waal's force of attraction, and thus form small metallic particles.
This is how both ions, and particles are produced, by the electrolysis process.
Typically 90% of the silver leaving the anode stays in the ionic form, while about 10% forms into particles.
Furthermore, a silver ion is not a group of atoms, but is a single silver atom, that is missing a single electron (a subatomic particle).
Silver ions remain dispersed in the solution, from other silver ions, due to their positive "ionic charge", which causes mutual repulsion.
The silver particles do not have a positive charge, their charge is negative, and is not due to an "ionic charge" as the ions are,
but has a zeta potential, which causes the particle to act as though it had a negative charge.
When you apply current to silver in solution, the metallic silver that breaks off, will be no larger than 1.26 angstroms (.126 nm), about 1/10,000 of a micron (0.000126 microns).
This is misleading, however, because no colloid consists of individual silver ions, or atoms of silver. Single atoms would by definition be dissolved.
After the silver breaks off at 1.26 angstroms, atoms of silver aggregate / agglomerate into clusters, that form new particles.
The smallest aggregate of clusters, creates a silver particle approximately 0.000126 microns (.126 nanometer), or ten times larger than the smallest atom.
These particles create colloidal silver that appears clear.
Over time, while current is being applied, silver particles will aggregate / agglomerate into larger, and larger particles, much like in a silver plating process.
The particles are agglomerating into bigger and bigger sizes.

For Colloidal Silver, I have reduced the formula to find the number of grams (typically in mg) to the following:
(Resulting grams of Silver): mass = ((I x t) /192970.673) x 107.8682
I = Current in Amps
t = Time in Seconds
192970.673 = 2 x 96485.3365 = 2 x Faraday's Constant
107.8682 = the Atomic Weight of Silver
PPM = mg/L So, dividing the result in mg, by the Liters of solution you are creating, should give you close to the actual PPM of your batch.
Remember, that during the first heat cycle, the current is ramping up to the set point. It is NOT at set point. This will result in a slightly lower actual PPM.


Zeta potential
Zeta potential is a measure of the magnitude of the repulsion, or attraction between particles.
Most particles in a polar medium such as water, will possess a surface charge.
A charged particle will attract ions of the opposite charge, in the dispersant, forming a strongly bound layer close to the surface of the particle.
Those ions further away from the core particle, make up a diffuse layer, more loosely bound to the particle.
Within this diffuse layer is a notional boundary, inside which the particle, and its associated ions, act as a single entity, diffusing through the dispersion together.
The plane at this boundary is known as the surface of hydrodynamic shear, or the slipping plane.
The potential at this boundary is known as the zeta potential.
It is important to note that the magnitude of the zeta potential is affected by both the nature of the surface of the particle, and the composition of the dispersant.
Zeta potential is affected by pH.

Zeta Potential Range of Value
The zeta potential is the overall charge a particle acquires, in a specific medium.
The magnitude of the zeta potential, gives an indication of the potential stability of the colloidal system.
If all the particles have a large negative, or positive zeta potential, they will repel each other, and there is dispersion stability.
If the particles have low zeta potential values, then there is no force to prevent the particles from coming together, and there is dispersion instability.
A dividing line between stable and unstable aqueous dispersions is generally taken at either +30 or -30mV
Particles with zeta potentials more positive than +30mV are normally considered stable.
Particles with zeta potentials more negative than -30mV are normally considered stable.
Zeta potential is an important property of colloidal solutions, and is essential to the understanding of colloid stability .
The zeta potential of silver colloidal solutions has been measured to be between –15 mV to –60 mV.
Electric double layer:
Development of a net charge at the particle surface, affects the distribution of ions in the surrounding interfacial region,
resulting in an increased concentration of counter ions (ions of opposite charge, to that of the particle) close to the surface
Thus, an electrical double layer exists around each particle.
The liquid layer surrounding the particle exists as two parts;
1) an inner region (Stern layer) where the ions are strongly bound
2) an outer (diffuse) region where they are less firmly associated
Within this diffuse layer is a notional boundary, known as the slipping plane,
within which the particle acts as a single entity.
The potential at this boundary is known as the Zeta Potential.

Isoelectric Point:
The isoelectric point (pI), sometimes abbreviated to IEP, is the pH at which a particular molecule, or surface carries no net electrical charge.
Amphoteric molecules called zwitterions contain both positive, and negative charges, depending on the functional groups present in the molecule.
The net charge on the molecule is affected by the pH of their surrounding environment, and can become more positively
or negatively charged, due to the loss or gain of electrons (H+).
The pI is the pH value at which the molecule carries no electrical charge, or the negative and positive charges are equal.
Surfaces naturally charge to form a double layer.
In the common case when the surface charge-determining ions are H+ and OH-,
the net surface charge is affected by the pH of the liquid, in which the solid is submerged.
The pI value can affect the solubility of a molecule, at a given pH.
Such molecules have minimum solubility in water or salt solutions, at the pH that corresponds to their pI, and often precipitate out of solution.

Biological amphoteric molecules such as proteins contain both acidic, and basic functional groups.
Amino acids that make up proteins may be positive, negative, neutral, or polar in nature, and together give a protein its overall charge.
At a pH below their pI, proteins carry a net positive charge; above their pI they carry a net negative charge.
Proteins can thus be separated according to their isoelectric point (overall charge),
on a polyacrylamide gel using a technique called isoelectric focusing, which uses a pH gradient to separate proteins.
Isoelectric focusing is also the first step in 2-D gel polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.


Silver Chloride:
Silver Chloride AgCl is a substance administered to remove Toxic Heavy Metals such as Aluminum, Lead, and Mercury from the body. It is specifically used to treat individuals who have Mercury Poisoning. Toxic Heavy Metals are neurotoxins which are able to cross the blood brain barrier, and are NOT able to be removed by the body, without help.

Silver Nitrate:
Silver Nitrate AgNO3 has been used as an antibiotic and antiseptic for years, but is somewhat less effective than Electrolytic Colloidal Silver.

In a study published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, in December, 1992, various forms of silver were tested for their ability to kill micro-organisms.
Pure electro-colloidal silver out performed silver nitrate, silver chloride, and silver sulfadiazine as a broad spectrum germicide.
For all classes of bacteria, fungus, and mold samples tested, pure electro-colloidal silver worked better, and at much lower concentrations.
They concluded that any additives reduced the effectiveness of the pure silver ion; the silver salts being as much as 100 times less effective.
Electro-colloidal silver's effectiveness as a broad-spectrum germicide is directly related to the number, and size of the particles.
The same volume of space taken up by one silver particle .1 microns in size, will hold about 10,000 silver particles .001 microns in size.
This reduction in particle size, not only allows for a greater distribution of the silver, but it also greatly increases the total surface area of silver available for interacting with the environment. These, plus the stability of the electrical charge, are the most important factors when considering the effectiveness of colloidal silver.


Hydrogen Peroxide:
Some people add a drop of Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 to their finished Yellow Colloidal Silver Solution, in order to eliminate the yellow color.
It would seem to them, that the effect of adding H2O2 to their batch, could potentially convert it from a Colloid Silver Solution to an Ionic Silver Solution.
There is a significant amount of ionic Silver in any Colloidal Silver batch, already, I am not sure what benefit, if any, there is to converting particles to ions.
I am not sure if it reduces the number of atoms in the agglomerations, thus reducing the size of the particles.
I have yet to evaluate the effects of adding a drop of H2O2 to a finished batch, or even just a test sample of Colloidal Silver.
Here is some information, however:
Hydrogen Peroxide for therapy falls in the natural treatments category.
H2O2 breaks down as H2O ( water ) + O-, completely nontoxic.
Hydrogen Peroxide is not a foreign agent introduced into the body.
In fact, H2O2 is produced within the body, in cellular, and other key metabolic reactions.
Because H2O2 solutions are generally more stable at low pH,
some producers may add mineral acids (phosphoric acid H3PO3, or nitric acid HNO3) to further lower the pH,
either in the production process, or afterwards.
Most commercial solutions of H2O2 contain stabilizers (chelating, and sequestering agents)
which have been added to minimize decomposition of the product through transport, and storage.
While some stabilizers such as stannate (stannic acid SnOH4) are alkaline, most (such as phosphonic acids H3PO3)
are acidic, and exhibit buffering properties which add acidity to the product.
The amount, and type of stabilizers varies between producers, product grades, and H2O2 concentration.
Electronic, and Reagent grades are more pure (less stabilizers, less acidity)
while Dilution, and COSMETIC grades, have the highest levels of stabilizers.

Concentration of Stabilizers Added to H2O2
Lowest Medium Highest
Electronic (etching)
Reagent (laboratory)

The water used to prepare commercial solutions of H2O2 is generally of very high quality, deionized,
with low acidity (possibly neutral), and does not significantly affect the pH of the product.

It is likely, however, that the pH of the more dilute 3% to10% H2O2 will be acidic, between pH 4, and pH 5.

Both phosphorous acid, and its deprotonated  forms are good reducing agents, although not necessarily quick to react.
They are oxidized to phosphoric acid, or its salts.
It reduces solutions of noble metal cations (Such as the Ag+ ion), to the metals (Ag).
Deprotonated means: the removal of a proton (H+) from a molecule, forming the conjugate base.

Nitric acid can oxidize non-active metals, such as silver.
With non-active, or less electropositive metals such as Silver,
the product depends on temperature, and the acid concentration.
Most metals react with nitric acid, to give the corresponding nitrates, such as Silver Nitrate AgNO3.

Some of the reactions people are experiencing by adding Hydrogen Peroxide to their Colloidal Silver,
may be the result of these stabilizers, which where added to the Hydrogen Peroxide.

Here are some of the testimonies of people adding Hydrogen Peroxide to their Colloidal Silver:
Adding H2O2 to a completed batch of colloidal silver ionizes silver particles remaining in the solution.
Observations demonstrate that extremely small amounts of ionic silver, often plate onto glass surfaces.
By taking a glass dropper exposed to colloidal silver, and adding a 3% H2O2 colloidal silver solution,
this reaction becomes visibly evident, as the metallic silver is ionized.

According to Water and Science Technology, Volume 31 5-6,
a 1000:1 solution of colloidal silver to H2O2 is sufficient to
increase the efficacy of colloidal silver by up to 100 times
under some circumstances, against bacterial infections.

Prior to the addition of H2O2, the colloidal silver was crystal clear with a very faint Tyndall.
Upon the addition of two drops of 35% H2O2, the hydrogen peroxide,
begins to work immediately to atomize and ionize minute silver particles.
There was a vast increase in the Tyndall effect,
although in normal light the solution remained crystal clear.
One could easily observe slightly spiraling "clouds" of minute particles
by using the laser pen, as the hydrogen peroxide came in contact with the silver particles.
This batch was a lower quality batch with some "larger" ( but invisible ) particles.
When the same process is done with a highly ionic batch,
without the larger-sized silver particles,
the Tyndall effect would have increased temporarily,
then completely disappeared as the minute particles were ionized, by the hydrogen peroxide.

The color begins to disappear as the particles in the colloidal silver are ionized.
The larger particles are first reduced to smaller ones.
If enough H2O2 is used, the particles will reach a point of being nearly completely ionic.

A quick H2O2 conversion: 2 drops @ 35% = 1 drop @ 70% = 23 1/3 drops @ 3% (70 / 3 = 23 1/3 drops of 3% H2O2) (23 is close enough)

Using Colloidal Silver

The concentration of Silver in the water is usually measured in parts per million, or PPM.
This can easily be done with a TDS Meter.
While this is the standard convention, PPM is a "ratio", and not an indicator of quantity.
When a laboratory tests colloidal silver for concentration, they report the findings in milligrams per liter (mg/L).
Milligrams per liter is an actual measurement of weight per volume, and therefore is an actual quantity measurement.
Fortunately, for solids dissolved in Water 1 mg/L is the same as 1 PPM, so as long as the dissolved solids are in water, which they are, in the case of Colloidal Silver made in distilled water, we can relate 1 PPM directly to 1mg/Liter of Colloidal Silver in our Solution. This also translates: PPM = mg/Liter = mcg/ml
Silver weighs a little more than water, but the equivalence is very close, and the terms are often used interchangeably.
One liter of water weighs 1000 grams.
One ml (milliliter) is 1/1000 of a L (liter), and one milliliter of water weighs 1 gram.
1ml also = 1cc (cubic centimeter).
One mg (milligram) weighs one thousandth (1/1000) of a gram.
One mcg (microgram) weighs one millionth (1/1000000) of a gram.
One PPM = 1mg/L = 1mcg/ml
One teaspoon is 5 milliliters or 1⁄6 U.S. fl Oz.
One tablespoon is 15 milliliters or 1⁄2 U.S. fl Oz. or 3 teaspoons
One U.S. fl Oz. = approximately 30 ml (milliliters) or actually 29.5735296875 ml

With this in mind, we can calculate, for example, that one teaspoon of 5 PPM colloidal silver has about 25 mcg (micrograms) of silver in it. Here's how:
5 PPM = 5mcg/ml
1 teaspoon = 5ml so (5mcg/ml) X 5 (the number of ml in a teaspoon) = 25mcg of Silver in a teaspoon of 5PPM Colloidal Silver.

Simply multiply the Colloidal Silver's PPM times the number of ml to get the Colloidal Silver dose in mcg.
Simply divide the desired Colloidal Silver mcg dose, by the PPM to get the required ml of Colloidal Silver needed.


Dose Chart - Based on Colloidal Silver PPM
PPM Dose Size
Teaspoon Tablespoon 1 Oz - Shot Glass 2 Oz - Shot Glass
5 25 mcg 75 mcg 147.885241 mcg 295.770482 mcg
6 30 mcg 90 mcg 177.4622892 mcg 354.9245784 mcg
7 35 mcg 105 mcg 207.0393374 mcg 414.0786748 mcg
8 40 mcg 120 mcg 236.6163856 mcg 473.2327712 mcg
9 45 mcg 135 mcg 266.1934338 mcg 532.3868676 mcg
10 50 mcg 150 mcg 295.770482 mcg 591.540964 mcg
11 55 mcg 165 mcg 322.3475302 mcg 644.6950604 mcg
12 60 mcg 180 mcg 354.9245784 mcg 709.8491568 mcg
13 65 mcg 195 mcg 384.5016266 mcg 769.0032532 mcg
14 70 mcg 210 mcg 414.0786748 mcg 828.1573496 mcg
15 75 mcg 225 mcg 443.655723 mcg 887.311446 mcg
16 80 mcg 240 mcg 473.2327712 mcg 946.4655424 mcg
17 85 mcg 255 mcg 502.8098194 mcg 1005.6196388 mcg
18 90 mcg 270 mcg 532.3864676 mcg 1064.7729352 mcg
19 95 mcg 285 mcg 561.9639158 mcg 1123.9278316 mcg
20 100 mcg 300 mcg 591.540964 mcg 1183.081928 mcg
21 105 mcg 315 mcg 621.1180122 mcg 1242.2360244 mcg
22 110 mcg 330 mcg 650.6950604 mcg 1301.3901208 mcg
One teaspoon is 5 milliliters or 1⁄6 U.S. fl Oz
One tablespoon is 15 milliliters or 1⁄2 U.S. fl Oz or 3 teaspoons
1 Oz is 29.5770482 ml or 6 teaspoons or 2 tablespoons


Suggested Daily Amounts:

The World Health Organizations Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality states "It is unnecessary to recommend any health-based guidelines for silver as it is not hazardous to human health."
According to EPA, the daily dose believed to be safe is 350mcg of silver daily, for up to 70 years.
The EPA also estimates that a person could safely take up to 5mcg of silver per kilogram of body weight each day without side effects. 1 kilogram = 2.20462262 pounds. 5mcg / kg = 2.26796mcg / pound.

To Determining the amount needed, begin with the suggested amount of 100mcg per day.
Individual response may vary from the average amount of Colloidal Silver needed for optimum benefit, for most people.
Some people will require less, and others will find they need to take more.
Use half the suggested amount for young children, and one fourth for babies.
After taking 100mcg of Colloidal Silver daily for four days, adults may cut back to 50mcg daily (and proportionally, by body weight, for children)
The average adult will typically consume from 1500mcg to 3000mcg of Colloidal Silver monthly.
In the event a person begins taking Colloidal Silver while having a cold or flu, or for any other virus, bacteria or fungus,
the daily amount should begin with triple the dosage.
Once well, revert to the standard dosage.
Other Sources suggest:
Take 75mcg per day as a preventative.
Take double your daily amount, or 150mcg per day during an epidemic, as a preventative.
Take 200mcg to 300mcg per day or 2 2/3 to 4 times your daily amount for treatment of an illness.

These merely provide a guideline, by which to start from.
You will need to determine what is effective for you, from there, which may be more, or less.
These guidelines do not take into account the concentration, or quality of the Colloidal Silver being consumed.
Concentration, and Quality, will affect the actual quantity required, to produce a specific optimum dose, one wishes to maintain.

The following information may be informative:
In 1940, under normal circumstances, the average daily intake of fruits and vegetables would provide between 50 and 100 mcg of silver, as a trace element.
Since that time, commercial farm soils have become extremely deficient in trace minerals.
According to the Earth Summit Report, issued in 1992, the levels of soil based minerals in North America have dropped over 85%, in the last 100 years.
Two teaspoons of high quality 5 PPM colloidal silver provides about 50 mcg of silver, and could be considered a "nutritional" amount, if taken on a daily basis.
Any amount above four teaspoons per day, or 100 mcg, might be considered a "therapeutic" amount.

Some people will feel achy and sluggish, soon after, to about the third or fourth day after beginning Colloidal Silver daily.
This is called a healing crisis.
This is when the body expels a great many entrenched toxins at once.
The eliminatory organs can become overloaded, in which case it is recommended to drink lots of extra water to help one’s body flush out the toxins.
Drinking lots of water will lessen the symptoms rapidly.

If a person, taking the daily amount, finds that he or she will still occasionally have an infection, one may increase, and even quadruple the Suggested Daily Dose.
There should be no danger of overdosing; however, very few people ever need four times the Suggested Daily Dose.
When you are taking the proper Daily Dose, you should be maintaining a level, where you no longer experience Infections, Colds or Flu.

Since prevention is the idea here, one may err on the side of safety, by taking slightly more than a perfect minimum. One never knows when there may be a sudden major outbreak of some pathogen, in such numbers as to overwhelm the combined defenses of an immune system, fortified with only a minimum level of Colloidal Silver.
If an attack of pathogens happens to be stronger than the immediate combined defense level of the body's natural immune system, plus a particular level of daily Colloidal Silver, one may feel some illness, or worse.
With kids in school, during Cold and Flu season, you will probably want to take more, and maintain a higher level.
Some people experience a depletion of the friendly bacteria in their digestive tract, from time to time, and should supplement by eating Yogurt, Swiss cheese, or other products containing probiotics, such as lactobacillus acidophilus, or lactobacillus bulgaricus, to replace friendly bacteria.


Seamless Daily Use:
Add the amount from the chart below based on beverage container size, and the PPM of the Colloidal Silver you are adding to it, to your favorite beverages.
This will provide everyone in the family with a general daily intake comparable to the averages from the 1940’s daily dietary intake.
This is NOT strong enough to cure an illness. It is only a preventative amount.


Beverage Chart
PPM Container Size
8 Oz
1 Cup
12 Oz
1 Glass
32 Oz
1 Quart
33.8 Oz
1 Liter
64 Oz
1/2 Gallon
67.6 Oz
2 Liter
128 Oz
1 Gallon
5 2 tsp 1 tbsp 4 tsp 4 ¼ tsp 8 tsp 8 ½ tsp 16 tsp
10 1 tsp 1 ½ tsp 2 tsp 2 ¹/3 tsp 4 tsp 4 ¼ tsp 8 tsp
13 ¾ tsp 1 ¼ tsp 1 ²/3 tsp 1 ²/3 tsp 3 ¹/3 tsp 3 ¹/3 tsp 6 ¹/3 tsp
15 ²/3 tsp 1 tsp 1 ¹/3 tsp 1 ½ tsp 2 ²/3 tsp 1 tbsp 5 ¹/3 tsp
18 ²/3 tsp ¾ tsp 1 ¹/3 tsp 1 ¼ tsp 2 ¼ tsp 2 ½ tsp 4 ½ tsp
20 ½ tsp ¾ tsp 1 tsp 1 ¼ tsp 2 tsp 2 ¼ tsp 4 tsp
22 ½ tsp ²/3 tsp 1 tsp 1 tsp 2 tsp 2 tsp 3 ²/3 tsp
NOTE: When there is greater exposure to illness in a household, it may be wise to increase this dose to keep everyone else from contracting the illness.
This increase may be up to 4 times the amount or more.
Increased exposure times include: During the cold and flu season, when children are in school, or when someone at home, school, or work has contracted something, and there is exposure.
6 tsp = 1 Oz, so 8 tsp = 1 ¹/3 Oz.
Amounts have been rounded up to insure minimum dose of 50 mcg per cup used.
There is no harm in exceeding these amounts by rounding up.

Colloidal Silver Ingestion Process:
Colloidal silver can enter the blood stream directly by at least four different means.
The first way is ingestion (swallowing it).
Upon ingestion (swallowing), the ionic silver present in most colloidal silver solutions, some will immediately come into contact with the hydrochloric (HCL) acid that normally exists in the stomach, to digest food. The chloride ion from the hydrochloric acid combines at once with the silver ion, to form silver chloride, an insoluble silver compound. Since hydrochloric acid does not dissolve metallic silver, the silver particles remain unaffected by the stomach acid.
Not all Silver ions are rendered converted to Silver Chloride in your stomach acid.
Digestion begins in the mouth, where most soluble minerals are isolated by your metalloproteins in saliva, for safe transport. Please note that this references ions, not metallic atoms, crystals or salts! While body electrolytes can release a few ions of silver from metallic silver it is far from the benefits of the direct oral intake of trillions of silver ions establishing a therapeutic dose in the blood!
At 5PPM, there are over 100 trillion ions / tablespoon, a number comparable the number of cells in a human body!
Metallic ions, either free or disassociated from dissolved soluble salts are both absorbed sublingually and/or isolated by ligands in the saliva, usually metalloproteins. This is the main reason you should swish the Colloidal Silver around in your mouth before swallowing it. Metallothionein (MT) is a relatively small molecule that binds heavy metals including silver, iron, zinc, cadmium, and copper, and is made by most of the cells in the body.
Your saliva has over 200 different proteins and one third of body proteins are metalloproteins which carry metallic ions. Therefore, unstable, reactive ions (missing one or more electrons) can be transported past the stomach and thru the circulatory system without local reactions. Metal ion substitution permits even a zinc metalloprotein to take up the silver ion and release the zinc ion. The free, ionized zinc, which would be toxic if permitted to accumulate, binds to a metal regulatory element on the promoter region of the metallothionein gene and "turns on" the synthesis of more metallothionein.
Some of the remaining silver particles, due to their nanometer size, will pass easily through the lining of the gastro-intestinal tract, and will be absorbed into the bloodstream where they will be circulated, and come in contact with pathogens, which will be killed on contact.
The silver chloride that precipitates in the stomach consists of large molecules.
Silver chloride that is not absorbed into the bloodstream will be passed out of the body, with solid waste.
Silver chloride that does get absorbed through the lining of the GI tract, into the bloodstream, will aid in the removal of heavy metals such as Lead, or Mercury, before being removed by the kidneys, and passed out of the body, in urine.

The second way colloidal silver can pass directly into the blood stream is by sublingual absorption.
The thin membranes under the tongue will pass the small particles and ions directly into the blood stream.
Once in the blood stream, the particles will circulate with the blood, but the ions will immediately combine with the plentiful supply of chloride ions in the serum.
Human blood serum contains a large quantity of sodium, and potassium chloride.
The chloride ions are present in the serum in high concentration, typically 3500 ppm.
The chloride ions immediately combine with the silver ions, to form silver chloride.
The large silver chloride molecules will be removed from the blood stream, by the kidneys and passed out of the body in urine.

The third is rectally.
Once in the intestine the Colloidal Silver is absorbed directly into the blood, and is circulated throughout the body.
Once in the blood stream, the particles will circulate with the blood, but the ions will immediately combine with the plentiful supply of chloride ions in the serum.
Human blood serum contains a large quantity of sodium, and potassium chloride.
The chloride ions are present in the serum in high concentration, typically 3500 ppm.
The chloride ions immediately combine with the silver ions, to form silver chloride.
The large silver chloride molecules will be removed from the blood stream, by the kidneys and passed out of the body in urine.

The fourth is through the lungs by using a nebulizer, to convert the colloidal silver into micron size droplets, and then inhaling these droplets.
The small size of the silver particles and silver ions will pass through the lung tissue, directly into the blood stream.
Once in the blood stream, the particles will circulate with the blood, but the ions will immediately combine with the plentiful supply of chloride ions in the serum.
Human blood serum contains a large quantity of sodium, and potassium chloride.
The chloride ions are present in the serum in high concentration, typically 3500 ppm.
The chloride ions immediately combine with the silver ions, to form silver chloride.
The large silver chloride molecules will be removed from the blood stream,
by the kidneys and passed out of the body in urine.

Silver ions cannot exist for long, in the human body, regardless of the entry mechanism.
Silver chloride is 300 times less effective than Silver Particles, but has been used as an antidote for mercury poisoning, assisting in the elimination of mercury.
Because Silver ions are easily converted to less effective Silver Chloride, an ideal colloidal silver for ingestion, would maximize the percentage of particles, and minimize the percent of ions.
Since typical colloidal silver products contain a very high percentage of ionic silver, there is a lot of potential for improvement, by reducing the ionic content, while increasing particles.
For other uses, such as external, Silver ions may not be an issue, and may even be desirable.
Colloidal Silver, currently, always contains both particles, and ions, and the percentages of particles to ions vary, based on the processing method used to create the colloid.
When consuming Colloidal Silver, one is in essence, ending up being treated by at least 3 Silver entities, Silver particles, Silver ions, and Silver Chloride.
Many modern vaccines contain mercury, which is bad for you, and is not eliminated from the body, without help. Silver Chloride provides that help.
Other Silver Chloride uses include:
Silver chloride has been used as an antidote for mercury poisoning, assisting in the elimination of mercury.
Silver chloride is used in bandages, and wound healing products.
Silver chloride is used as an antimicrobial agent, in some personal deodorant products.
Silver chloride is used as an antimicrobial agent, for long-term preservation of drinking water in water tanks.
Body Level Build Up:
Five to seven days is average time for the initial benefit of Colloidal Silver to begin.
Body tissues having 5 parts per million (5 PPM) of Colloidal Silver will be free of virus, fungus, and bacterium.
Colloidal Silver will build up in the tissues, to at least a concentration of five parts per million (5 PPM) at, on the average, by the tenth day.
This is the MINIMUM effective concentration.
Higher concentrations are desirable, due to the risks of illness from major exposure to a disease outbreak, or major burn injury.

Body Level Elimination:
One to three weeks after cessation (again this varies with each individual) the Colloidal Silver effectiveness is finally lost, and is eliminated through the kidneys, the lymphatic system and the bowel. 90-99% of silver is removed by the body in two days, according to animal studies.
The remainder is removed in the following one to four weeks.


Suggested Colloidal Silver Delivery Methods and Equipment

Eye Dropper - Delivery to Eyes, Ears, and Nose
Dropper Bottle - Delivery to Eyes, Ears, and Nose/Sinus - with portable storage - take it with you, and treat conditions throughout the day.
Talk to your Pharmacist about selling you bottles.
Spray Bottle - Throat, Topical Applications, Cuts, Bandages and Dressings, Rashes, Psoriasis, Acne, Nail Fungus, Disinfecting/Cleaning
Nasal Spray Bottle - Nose/Sinus. Talk to your Pharmacist about purchasing some of the empty bottles.
Nebulizer - Delivery to lungs and respiratory system - Respiratory Infections, Lungs - Also gets a decent amount of Colloidal Silver into the blood.
Use Ultrasonic not a pressure delivery system, to get more Colloidal Silver delivered to the lungs, and a COLD mist for greater absorption into the blood, NOT hot.
Rectal Delivery System - When you need to get allot into your blood to fight off an infection (in place of an antibiotic, but also works for Flu/Viruses, and Parasites as well).
Syringe recommended over Bulb type delivery system. With the bulb it is possible / likely to cross contaminate the bulb, by accidentally drawing back into the bulb.
Sublingual - Absorbed from under the tongue - Not as effective as Rectal - You will absorb smaller amounts
Ingestion – Many people claim results, in spite of others claims that acid neutralizes the Silver Colloid.
Proteins in Saliva bind with the Silver to allow it to be absorbed unaffected by the acid.
Ultrasonic Humidifier - Use it like a Nebulizer
Injection - This can and has been done, and is safe and effective - Highly unlikely anyone will - Rectal Delivery will probably be the choice for most, in situations requiring large doses.
Electrode Cleaning - Scotch-Brite
TDS Meter - Measure the PPM (Parts Per Million) of Total Dissolved Solids in your Colloidal Silver Solution - temperature compensated, no calibration solution required
PH Meter - Measure the PH of your Colloidal Silver Solution, for beneficial Alkalinity. Higher PH is beneficial to ones immune system. PH Strips are cheaper.
LASER Pointer - Use to visually verify the Tyndall Effect in your Solution. Must be a visible LASER. LASER's and LED's are a single Color Light Source.
LED Flashlight - Use to visually verify the Tyndall Effect in your Solution, and may be more practical to you than a LASER. A regular flashlight will not work.
Timer - To time the solution heating, and electrode cleaning process.
Multimeter - Used to set the adjustable current setting - Hint: Clip one of the left over 1k resistors in place of the electrodes, and adjust the current set point.
Clip Leads - Used to clip your multimeter in series with one electrode, to monitor the current, or across the output, to monitor the voltage, while one makes their batch.
Magnetic Stirrer with Hot Plate - Heat and stir your batch during the entire process.
Hot Plate - Use to maintain constant heat on the solution during processing - A lower priced heating solution - Smooth top better for stability of small containers
Erlenmeyer Flask (With FREE Stoppers)


Suggested Methods of Treatment

NOTE: When treating a problem, Fresh Batches work the BEST!!!
The reason for this is that the particles in the high quality solution have not had a chance to agglomerate, into larger particles, as the fresh Colloid stabilizes.
That means that when the batch is fresh, it has the largest number of the smallest particles it will ever have!
A stabilized batch can still be very effective, but a fresh batch is the most effective, the batch will ever be.
This effect is illustrated by the drop in PPM, of any fresh batch, over the first few hours, as it stabilizes,
coupled with a corresponding increase in the batches Tyndall effect.
There is not less Silver in the Colloid, just less smaller particles, indicated by a lower PPM.
The particles have agglomerated into fewer larger particles, indicated by the stronger Tyndall Effect.
This effect is unavoidable, and inherent in all batches of Colloidal Silver, when extremely small particles have been produced.
In batches that already have large particles, one will not observe this effect, and those batches will commonly be yellow to the eye, already indicating large particles.

Objective of any successful treatment:
Even with an excellent Colloidal Silver, one cannot successfully treat ANY condition, unless one can deliver the Colloidal Silver EFFECTIVELY to the infected area.
Remember that statement, because it is literally the key to any effective Colloidal Silver treatment! If it is not working, you are not delivering it effectively!
This is not always as easy as one might think! There are a few tricks, which will GREATLY improve the effectiveness of the treatment, and your chance of success.
Below are some suggestions which will increase the effectiveness of one's Colloidal Silver treatment, for any of a number of common ailments.
Some small details, like in some cases, massaging the Colloidal Silver in, for example, literally make all the difference between success, and failure.
While Colloidal Silver is capable of killing ALL pathogens, delivering it to the pathogen, once the pathogen has entered a human body, can in some cases be extremely difficult, but not impossible! While Colloidal Silver may kill a pathogen on contact, within minutes, outside the body, the limited ability to effectively delivery Colloidal Silver inside the body, to some pathogens, will most likely cause one to require repeated, regular treatments, in the most effective manner possible, over a period of time, in order to fully eliminate the pathogen. This is not unlike taking regular, repeated doses of any medication, over a period of time, in order to eliminate a pathogen.

It has also been suggested that a very small electrical current, combined with Colloidal Silver, increases its effectiveness 300 X (Beck's Protocol).

Substitution  for an Eye Dropper - If you do not have an eye dropper, use a clean straw, or tube as a pipette by submerging one end in the Colloidal Silver, and placing your finger over the other end. Lift the liquid out, and position it over the area you wish to deliver the colloidal Silver to, and remove your finger.
This may be done in a controlled manner to regulate the release of liquid.

Treatment Examples

Sinus Infection, Allergy, Hay fever - Lay on a bed on your back, and tilt your head way back over the edge of the bed, inverting your sinus. With an eye dropper, drop drops into your nose in sufficient quantity to flood into your sinus cavities. You will know when quantity is sufficient, as it will be like a flood was released. Remain in that position for a few minutes, in order to keep the Colloidal Silver where your sinus cavities are, possibly adding more colloidal silver. Move your head around slightly, during those minutes, in order to insure the Colloidal Silver penetrates you sinus cavities well. Gentle and slow in and out controlled breathing through the nose may also increase penetration of the Colloidal Silver. Do not breathe so hard as to suck down, or blow out the Colloidal Silver. The idea is to increase contact, and penetration, not eliminate the Colloidal Silver. Repeat frequently throughout the day, until you achieve the desired result.
Ear Infection - Tilt your head sideways, so that the infected ear is up. Using the Eye Dropper, fill the ear with Colloidal Silver, in sufficient quantities to flood your ear. Keep your head that way, moving it around slightly in order to insure the Colloidal Silver penetrates, as well as possible. Keep your head that way for several minutes, in order to allow the Colloidal Silver time in the ear. Do this once in the morning, and once at night. Increase dosage if necessary. Repeat frequently throughout the day, if possible. Continue treatment  until you achieve the desired result. It will take about a week, to 10 days to cure.
If the infection is inner ear, it can take 2-3 weeks to cure. The Colloidal Silver will immediately relieve any itching, or burning sensations.
Eye Infection (Conjunctivitis) - Tilt your head back, and using the Eye Dropper, drop several drops of Colloidal Silver into your eye.
Repeat frequently throughout the day, until you achieve the desired result.
If infection returns after it is cured, it may indicate that the infection is in the sinus. They are connected. Try attacking it from both ends, the eye, and the sinus.
Soar Throat / Strep Throat - Use a small (2 oz) spray bottle containing Colloidal Silver, and open your mouth and spray the back of your throat frequently, throughout the day, until you achieve the desired result. Keep it with you, and use as often as you like!
Respiratory Tract Infections - Use a nebulizer, loaded with Colloidal Silver, and breath the Colloidal Silver mist deep into your lungs.
Repeat as needed to clear the infection.
Cuts - Spray Colloidal Silver onto the wound, and dressing to prevent infection, and promote healing. Colloidal Silver Does NOT Sting or burn.
Colloidal Silver may be used as the only medication on the dressing, or it may be used with another medication. Continued use of the Colloidal will minimize scarring.
Burns - Spray Colloidal Silver onto the burn, and bandage. Bandage lightly, keeping the bandage moist with Colloidal Silver. Change the bandage daily.
Eczema and skin rash - Dab Colloidal Silver directly onto affected area, rubbing slightly. Repeat often to keep the area moist with Colloidal Silver.
Bandage lightly, if desired, keeping the bandage moist with Colloidal Silver. Change the bandage daily. Massaging Colloidal Silver in improves effectiveness.
Warts - Cover the wart with a small adhesive bandage saturated with a few drops of Colloidal Silver. Keep the bandage moist.
The wart should disappear within a few days. Large warts may take a few days longer to disappear.
Acne - In addition to omitting sugars, fats and chocolate from the diet, any person with acne should wash and rinse the face thoroughly four times a day.
After each rinse, take a small amount of Colloidal Silver and massage it onto the problem areas two to three times with a finger, a tiny piece of cotton, or tissue.
This wash-rinse-massage activity may be continued throughout an acne breakout.
It may also be used as a continuous prevention through the teen years. This continuous habit precludes breakouts, leaving the skin continuously clear.
Most people find it helpful to carry a small bottle of Colloidal Silver with them, for availability throughout the day.
Dandruff -  Wet the scalp with Colloidal Silver, using the spray bottle, and then briskly massage the Colloidal Silver into the scalp.
Part the hair into small sections, and apply to a small areas at a time, massaging it into the skin! Massage into the skin using fingers, and / or a soft brush.
Once to twice per day (If Possible) until flakes are gone, then you may reduce treatment to twice per week. Repeat frequently, until you achieve the desired result.
Add Colloidal Silver to shampoo. Shampoo can temporarily remove oils from the scalp, which may be preventing the Colloidal Silver from reaching its target.
Teeth, Inflamed gums, and / or excessive plaque - Brush the teeth once daily with Colloidal Silver. That will eliminate any gum disease, and the bacteria that cause plaque. Use a NEW toothbrush, dip it in, or spray it liberally with Colloidal Silver, and brush.
Do not use tap water. Shake brush out when done, and let dry, for next time.
Intestinal Problems / Digestion - Put all, or a fraction of the recommended daily amount of Colloidal Silver, as determined by titration, into the beverage of choice accompanying any meal. As the food is digested, the presence of Colloidal Silver will keep the food from putrefying in the digestive tract, killing any germs ingested with the food, and leaving the food more useable.
Stomach or Intestinal Virus - Gastroenteritis - Dosage 200 ml + of Colloidal Silver, followed immediately by a good sized glass of water to push the Colloidal Silver into the intestine, rather than allowing it to be absorbed by the stomach.
Diarrhea and Diarrhea Diseases - A number of diseases such as cholera, canine parvovirus or other diseases, where the pathogen resides mainly in the large intestine, can be fatal. The fatality is mostly due to the dehydration of the body resulting from severe and prolonged diarrhea and vomiting.
The pathogen causing the problem is active in the large intestine, the one place where Colloidal Silver when used correctly will not penetrate.
There are two different methods to overcome this barrier.
The first is to take a 200 ml glass dosed with Colloidal Silver, together with three or four big glasses of water, on an empty stomach.
This way the Colloidal Silver will get into the large intestine, and should within a short time, take care of the problem.
The other method is by way of Colonic Irrigation the dose rate using a 50mg. Colloidal Silver preparation is 15 ml per 200ml. of sterile water.
This method in fact brings the fastest relief from the disease. Medical literature reports that Cholera has been cured with Colloidal Silver.
Parasitic infections - Take an amount of Colloidal Silver, as determined by titration to preclude parasitic diseases caused by tiny, worm like animals that burrow through a particular organ, or in some cases throughout the entire body. In every case, these parasites reproduce by laying eggs and these eggs have the same characteristics of the oxygen-metabolizing enzyme as the single celled bacterium. These eggs cannot hatch when there is sufficient Colloidal Silver in the surrounding body tissue. They are killed within a short time and subsequently eliminated by the immune system.
Cysts - Spray each cyst with Colloidal Silver, it will eventually turn black, burst and look like dried blood.
Cataracts - 1 dropper of Colloidal Silver in each affected eye, twice daily for 2 weeks or longer.
The cataract will start to fade in color and treatments can stop once you can no longer see a cataract.
Ears & Hearing Loss - This can occur at any age, for a variety of reasons.
Use 1 dropper of Colloidal Sliver in each ear, twice daily. You should notice a hearing improvement BEGIN, after 10 days.
Healing Crisis - This is a condition wherein the Colloidal Silver is killing the pathogens very rapidly.
The body's five eliminatory systems, the kidney, liver, skin, bowel and lungs become temporarily overloaded.
This especially is true in the case of overcoming AIDS with Colloidal Silver.
One may feel as though he or she has the flu.
It is recommended to continue the silver regimen, yet DRINK UP TO 4 LITERS OF WATER A DAY, take five or six grams of vitamin C and even possibly a high enema if the condition is really bad. Repeat for two or three days. Please note if the healing crisis persists see your local practitioner for additional advise.

The Herxheimer Reaction

The Herxheimer Reaction - Feeling worse before feeling better
The Herxheimer Reaction is a short-term (from days to a few weeks) detoxification reaction in the body.
As the body detoxifies, it is not uncommon to experience flu-like symptoms including headache,
joint and muscle pain, body aches, sore throat, general malaise, sweating, chills, nausea or other symptoms.
I personally liken it to a hang over

This is a normal — and even healthy — reaction that indicates that parasites, fungus, viruses, bacteria or other pathogens are being effectively killed off.
The biggest problem with the Herxheimer reaction is that people stop taking the supplement
or medication that is causing the reaction, and thus discontinue the very treatment that is helping to make them better.
Although the experience may not make them feel particularly good, the Herxheimer Reaction is actually a sign that healing is taking place.

The Herxheimer Reaction is an immune system reaction to the toxins (endotoxins) that are released when large amounts of pathogens are being killed off,
and the body does not eliminate the toxins quickly enough.
Simply stated, it is a reaction that occurs when the body is detoxifying and the released toxins either exacerbate the symptoms being treated
or create their own symptoms.
The important thing to note is that worsening symptoms do not indicate failure of the treatment in question; in fact, usually just the opposite.

Technically known as the Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction, this syndrome goes by many names, including JHR, the Herxheimer Effect, the Herxheimer Response, a Herx Reaction, Herx or Herks.
The most common terminology used is the Herxheimer Reaction.
It is also often referred to as a healing crisis, a detox reaction, or die-off syndrome.

Herxheimer reactions in response to Colloidal Silver can occur as the body adjusts to the die-off process and responds to the increased load
on the lymphatic system – particularly in cases of systemic and chronic conditions and/or severe infections.

The most common Herxheimer reactions for users of Colloidal Silver are:

Flu-like symptoms
Itch and rashes
Usually, the reaction lasts a few days.
In more severe cases, reactions can last a week or more.

In most cases, the reaction tends to be mild and barely noticeable, but there are exceptions, particularly in cases of severe infection.
Certain conditions, such as Multiple Sclerosis, Lyme Disease and other spirochetical illnesses can engender noticeable Herx Reactions as the disease-causing pathogens are killed off.
Users of Colloidal Silver who take the product for Hepatitis may also experience die-off symptoms, such as headache.
Those inhaling silver to treat lung and sinus infection may also feel immediately worse for a few hours or a day before starting to feel relief.

Herx reactions vary widely, depending on many factors, including the general health of the individual,
the condition being treated, the degree of toxicity that exists in the body, the frequency and dosage of Colloidal Silver taken,
and the support the body is provided in eliminating the toxins as rapidly as possible.
Method of use is also factor.
For example, applications that allow concentrated dosages of Colloidal Silver to come in direct contact with the source of infection are more likely to result in a die-off reaction than oral use.

Colloidal Silver does not cause the Herxheimer reaction.
Colloidal Silver is non-toxic, and a healthy individual will notice no reaction at all, to Colloidal Silver.
However, if there is infection in the body, a Herxheimer reaction may result as the infection is killed off.
The severity of the Herx reaction is often an indicator of just how much toxicity there was in the body to begin with, and is an indicator of the effectiveness of the treatment.
It is actually a sign that the body is restoring itself to good health.

There is differing data on the timing of a Herxheimer reaction.
Some data indicates that it usually occurs between four and 24 hours from the onset of treatment.
Others note that between Day 3 and Day 5 of a treatment program is often when the reaction is most noticeable.
What appears to be most accurate is that reaction times, and indeed whether there will be any reaction at all, are strictly dependent on the individual being treated.
Duration of the reaction also varies widely, from an hour, or a few hours, to days, or even a week.

If the reaction is mild enough that it can be borne without grave discomfort,
the best approach is to continue treatment and assist the body in eliminating the toxins
as quickly and as thoroughly as possible by the methods below.

If the reaction is too severe,
cutting back on the dosage or frequency of use can be very helpful
in lessening symptoms but allowing the healing process to continue.
Sometimes stopping for a day or so and then beginning again at a lesser dosage can allow for quick relief.

The best assistance for the body is drinking plenty of distilled water (a half gallon a day is recommended).

Other helpful suggestions include:

Getting plenty of sunshine
Minimizing exercise for the detox period
Keeping the organs of elimination (the bowels, lungs, skin, kidneys, lymph) functioning properly
Keeping the diet relatively pure during the detox period, so that the body is not loaded with additional chemicals, and toxins to eliminate, while those systems are already working hard.
Adding lemon to the water, taking cold press olive oil, first thing in the morning, taking sea salt baths, and / or steam baths, and saunas, plus liver, and elimination system supports can also be helpful, though any herbal supplements should be kept to a minimum and should be very mild and gentle in nature.

The most important advice in relation to Colloidal Silver use and the Herxheimer reaction is to “bear with the process”.
The reaction is usually over within a few days, and is well worth the cleansing, and healing results.
Plus, it is a sure sign that the Colloidal Silver is doing its job, and working to help restore your body to natural health!

Any serious symptoms such as cardiac irregularity; breathing difficulties; chest, lung or throat constriction; significant swelling; or other severe symptoms should be given immediate medical attention.


Conditions Colloidal Silver has been known to treat - incomplete list

There are over 650 known conditions it has successfully treated

The most important factor to consider in ANY treatment is that effective treatment requires getting the Colloidal Silver to the infection!

Eliminate infection, and promote healing of both
Gram Negative & Gram Positive infections - Broad Spectrum


Sinus infection

Soar throat

Strep throat

Eye infections - conjunctivitis

Ear infections

Septic conditions of the eyes, ears, mouth and throat

Respiratory tract infection




Retro Viral Infections


Stomach flu

Strep Infections


Abscessed teeth, or cavities

Whooping Cough

Burns - Burn treatment







Scarlet Fever


Nail Fungus

Athletes Foot


Hay fever




Yeast Infection


Urinary Tract Infection

Bladder Infection


Abdominal Pain



Ulcerated Stomach




Eliminate Parasites, Blood parasites, and Parasitic Infection


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Most conditions of the gums
A powerful deterrent to cavities

Cuts to prevent, or cure infections and
to accelerate healing by stimulating cell growth

Blood Poisoning

Lyme Disease














Canine Parvovirus


Food Poisoning









Prostate Infection

Pruritus Ani - Anusitis

Purulent Ophthalmia


Staph Infections




Virus, all forms


Antibiotics Resistant Strains

Bird Flu

Avian Flu - H3N2



Bubonic Plague


Anthrax - Bacillus subtilis

H1N1 - Swine Flu


P. aeruginosa

S. Aureous


S. Choleraesuis

Cancer - @ high doses
(but NOT mutated cells)

Skin cancer


HIV / AIDS @ high doses


Tooth and Gum Infections

Ingrown Toe Nails

Food Poisoning


Other Uses for Colloidal Silver - incomplete list

Disinfectant used for cleaning - Use with a Spray Bottle.

Deodorant - It kills the bacteria responsible for odor. Use the Spray Bottle, and just spray it on. Best deodorant I have ever tried!!! Will eliminate already existing odor, too!!!

After Shave - Spray on face, or on hands and rub on face. Ladies can use it on their legs, and underarms. It will prevent soreness, and infection, and will not burn like products containing alcohol.

Shoes and Sneakers - Sprayed in the shoe, keeps foot odor away.

Gym Bags - Spray it in to eliminate odor.

Hand Towels - Keeps heavily used hand towels from getting that dank, musty wet rag smell. Just spray it on.

Food Preservative - Keeps your food free from bacteria. See Section on Using Colloidal Silver as a Preservative.

Preventative Measure against Colds, Flu, and Infection. See Suggested Daily Dosage.

Treat Water @ .025 to .075 PPM or 25 to 75 mcg / L - Also See Section on Using Colloidal Silver as a Preservative for Food and Water, below.

Here is a list of alternative uses:
Personal care:
Spray under arms as a deodorant.
Use for gargling to ease throat.
Mouth wash
Clean under nails, in ears and navel with a soaked Q–tip.
Wipe hearing aids and eyeglass frames.
Spray contact lenses.
Eye drops
Sterilize tooth brushes.
Soak dentures.
Add to bath water, douches and colonics.
Add to dental Water–Pik.
Soak/spray combs, brushes and loofas.
Spray bath and shower mats.
Spray on cosmetics.
Spray on surface of, or add a few drops to leftovers and condiments before storing in refrigerator.
Rinse or spray vegetables, fruits, grains and meats before using or storing.
When canning, add ½ tsp per quart.
Spray or rinse sprouts.
Spray storage area, interior of refrigerator, lunch kits, garbage containers.
Spray cutting boards, sponges and dish cloths.
Add to dishwater.
Household Cleaning:
Add to cleaning solutions.
Wipe telephone mouthpieces and head phones.
Spray furnace and air conditioning filters after cleaning.
Wipe air ducts and vents.
Rinse toilet seats and bowls, sinks, tiling and doorknobs.
Spray carpets, drapes, mattresses, furniture and window sills.
Spray on band–aids.
Spray on razor cuts.
Spray on pimples.
Spray between toes, in groin or any area that itches.
Use in bath water.
Feed directly by dropper or add to water dish.
Spray in shoes.
Mist clothes before storing.
Spray in gloves.
Spray watch bands.
Add to rinse water of laundry— especially for diapers.
Water and spray plants.
Add to picnic foods containing mayonnaise to prevent food poisoning. Keep covered and cool as well!
Add to pools, hot tubs and foot baths.
Add to children’s paste and paint pots.
Disinfect Children's toys, as well as items in contact with many people safely, non-toxically, and prevent the spread of colds, and flu. Spray items with a Spray Bottle.


Using Colloidal Silver as a preservative for Food and Water:
Water treatment with Colloidal Silver - making water biologically safe to drink:
Note: This does not remove debris, or harmful chemicals from water; it only neutralizes biological contamination in making the water safe to drink. The recommended amount for high germicidal efficacy is in the range of 25 to 75 micrograms of silver per liter (25 - 75 mcg/Liter). See the “Dose Chart” in the “Concentration” section at the beginning of this manual, to determine how much Colloidal Silver you should add per the volume of water being treated, and based on the PPM of the Colloidal Silver being added. To do this, simply multiply 25 to 75 (mcg) times the number of Liters of water being treated, and then use the Dose Chart at the beginning of this manual to determine the amount of Colloidal Silver to add to the water, based on the PPM of the Colloidal Silver being added. This would also equate to a .025 to .075 PPM increase in the water PPM due to the addition of the Colloidal Silver. 1PPM = 1000mcg/L
NOTE: 25 to 75mcg / Liter is approximately equivalent to 95mcg to 284mcg / Gallon (rounded up).

Using Colloidal Silver as a Preservative for Food and Water

Water purification - Colloidal Silver is an excellent water purifier!
Water stored with 25 to 75mcg of Silver per liter will be safe and sweet tasting, for a very long time.
Water containing biological contaminants (not toxic chemicals) can be made safe, by 25 to 75 micrograms of silver per every liter of water.
The Silver, while purifying the water is also beneficial to the body, unlike the commercial tablets containing toxic chlorine bleach!
After testing 23 methods of purifying water, NASA selected a Silver system for its space shuttle.
Canned Food Preservative – 25 to 75mcg of Silver / 1 liter in home-canned foods precludes the growth of all bacteria, virus and fungus.
As the food is consumed, the presence of silver will aid in the digestion process by not allowing fermentation of starches contained in the food,
and will prevent the putrefaction of protein or rancidification of fats in the digestive tract.
It will also preclude formation of gas in the bowel, as well as food decay.
Questionable Refrigeration - In addition to keeping prepared foods cool and well-sealed, add 25 to 75mcg of Silver per 1 liter (volume) to picnic foods containing mayonnaise, dairy products, or anything that has a potential for Salmonella growth and poisoning. Stir in very well.
Leftovers and Condiments - Mix about 25mcg of Silver / liter into each container of mustard, ketchup or pickle relish.
Mix 75mcg of Silver / liter into items that spoil more easily, such as mayonnaise, or milk etc. They will store longer, remain fresher and benefit digestion.


About the Types of Available Colloidal Silver Products on the Market

There are at least FOUR different products on the market being called COLLOIDAL SILVER.

The first type of product is the classic, original kind, usually called "electro-colloidal silver".
This product is made either by the "electro-arc" method in deionized water, or by the "low voltage electrolysis" method in distilled water.
This product is usually found in concentrations between 3-5 PPM (parts per million), but sometimes as high as 100 PPM.
Properly made, this product consists of microscopic particles of pure, elemental silver suspended in water, with no other elements present.
Each particle of silver carries a POSITIVE electrical charge.
Colloidal silver made this way appears either transparent-clear or transparent-light yellow.

The second is called "mild silver protein."
This product chemically binds microscopic particles of silver to a protein molecule.
It is usually found in concentrations between 20-40 PPM.
Its appearance may be transparent-clear or amber.

The third are "silver salts."
These products can be made either chemically or electro-chemically and usually create a form of silver that DISSOLVES in the water.
Concentrations range between 50-500 PPM.
Its appearance is transparent-clear.
The silver particles do carry a POSITIVE electrical charge, but almost invariably, these products contain other elements or compounds other than silver.

The fourth is sometimes referred to as "powdered silver."
This product was developed by the Russians and is made when a pure silver wire is rapidly disintegrated by an high voltage electrical discharge, similar to an old photographic flash bulb.
The microscopic silver dust is collected and either dissolved in water, or added to salves and creams for topical use.
Concentrations range from 100-500 PPM.

All of these products work, to one degree or another, as a broad spectrum germicide because they all contain microscopic particles of SILVER.
It is important to understand a number of things, however:
1) All of these products are not "colloidal suspensions" of silver
2) These products DO NOT all behave the same in the body, or in laboratory tests
3) Effectiveness, and dosage varies from product to product
4) Quality varies from product to product, and from batch to batch, with the same product
5) They are NOT ALL uniformly safe, and non-toxic.

There are no industry standards that manufacturers voluntarily follow to assure quality control, and there is no governmental regulation of the industry.

On the other hand, there are millions and millions of satisfied colloidal silver users who would like to have continued, free access to the product,
and a growing number of manufacturers entering the market with a wide variety of new products.

True colloidal silver products are the least prevalent type of colloidal silver on the market
due to high degree of manufacturing complexity and the resulting high cost of production.

In true colloidal silver, the majority of the silver content is in the form of silver particles.
True colloids will typically contain more than 50% particles (often 50 – 80%),  while the balance (20% to 49%) will be silver ions.
When referring to colloidal silver, the word colloid means silver particles.

The two critical factors to look for in determining true colloids are the percentage of silver particles and the particle surface area.

Of all the types of silver marketed as colloidal, true colloidal silver products have the highest particle surface area.
High particle surface area is achieved by a high percentage of silver particles combined with very small sized particles.
Of the three types of silver on the market, true silver colloids have the highest particle surface area, relative to the total silver content.
The ratio of particle surface area to total silver content indicates how efficiently the colloid is able to produce particle surface area
which determines effectiveness.
Higher conversion efficiencies are more desirable.

The nanometer-sized particles, in true silver colloids remain in colloidal suspension, without requiring protein or other additives.
It is the mutual repulsion of the particles, created by the zeta potential charge, that keeps the particles uniformly distributed in the colloid.

Because of the high concentration of silver particles, true silver colloids are never clear like water.
True colloidal silver with a sufficient concentration of particles does not look like water because silver particles, even very small particles,
block light from passing through, making the liquid appear darker.
Darker does not necessarily mean  Yellow!

The critical factors that make a good colloidal silver product are: particle size, purity, concentration, and cost.
The only way to authoritatively determine the first three is by laboratory analysis.
The best way to determine particle size is by electron microscope photograph.
The best way to determine purity is by mass spectroscopy, or by x-ray diffraction analysis.
The best way to determine concentration is by chemical analysis of total dissolved solids.

The simplest way to control these factors is to make the colloidal silver for yourself!!!
By doing this, you will not know exactly what is there.
You can purchase a relatively inexpensive TDS Meter, to test your own batch.
Without laboratory testing of commercial products, you don't know much about them, because the quality control batch to batch is loose, with most brands.
Also, by making it yourself, you will end up with real "colloidal silver", which is the product referred to in most of the literature.


An Interesting bit of Silver History

It is well known that the ancient Greeks knew the medical value of silver.
It was observed that those ancient families who ate from silver utensils rarely were sick, and had few infections.
This knowledge passed on to kings, emperors, sultans and their families, and members of their royal courts.
They ate from silver plates, drank from silver cups, used silver utensils, and stored their food in silver containers.
As a result of this use, silver was ever so slightly rubbed off, and mixed in their foods.
After some time, when they received the full benefit from the silver particles which found their way into their bodies,
these people had little chance of getting any infectious illness.
These royals were called Blue Bloods because their skin had a blue tint, due to the accumulation of minute traces of pure metallic silver (in large particles).
The common red blooded folk, however, ate from earthenware dishes with iron utensils and frequently were sick,
while the royals enjoyed the freedom from infectious disease as early as from birth.

Silver has been known to be a bactericide for at least 1200 years.
Even in ancient times, it was known to prevent disease and it was said that disease could not be transmitted drinking from a silver cup.
Silver coins were commonly dropped into a jar to prevent the spoilage of milk and other drink,
and silver containers were used to prolong the freshness of foods in general.
Wealthy people fed their babies with a silver spoon, which was considered to be a cause of strong healthy growth, producing good stock.
Even today, some commonly call all tableware "silverware", although today it is more commonly stainless steel.
In the 1920's, 30's and 40's, silver was ground very fine like flour, suspended in water, and was used orally, for many infections, and disease conditions,
topically on burns, and for fungal infections. Until almost 1970, it was common for scientists to put a silver dime in a Petri dish to sterilize the dish.
Silver, for a long time, was used for plates for the surgical repair of bones.
After the development of the patented antibiotics, silver was forgotten, in the United States and most other places,
although the antibiotics are only effective against bacteria, and not against viruses, yeast, or fungi.
Now, with the greatly improved modern colloids, the tables are turning, and silver may be the most effective treatment of all.

Some informative videos:

Video 1 Making Colloidal Silver

Video 2 Using Colloidal Silver

Video 3 Using Colloidal Silver

Video 4 Safety Colloidal Silver

Video 5 Effectiveness Colloidal Silver

Video 6 Effectiveness Colloidal Silver


These can all be generated as a Colloid at different Electrode Currents, and Times

Silver, Gold, Platinum, Zinc, Copper, Magnesium, Tin, Iron, Titanium, Rhodium, Iridium, Chromium, Boron or Selenium
99.99% purity Silver, Gold, Copper, Zinc, Magnesium, Iron, Titanium, Tin, Platinum, and Palladium are available.
Magnesium electrodes are oxidized rapidly and should be carefully monitored and time limited.
This is not meant to suggest you should create and use these Colloids, for any particular use - This is merely informational
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